Surfactant Formulation Engineering using HLD and NAC

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  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 01 October 2022
  • ISBN : 9780128214824
  • Page : 335 pages
  • Rating : 4.5/5 from 103 voters

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Surfactants are molecules that contain groups that are water-loving (hydrophilic) and oil-loving (lipophilic). The central question in formulations is often which of the two portions dominate the behavior of the surfactant. For many years that question was answered in terms of the surfactant structure only. However, the modern view is that the hydrophilic-lipophilic nature of the surfactant is the result of surfactant structure and formulation conditions (nature of the oil, temperature, aqueous phase composition) as captured by a semi-empirical equation called the hydrophilic-lipophilic difference (HLD). The HLD is a dimensionless number that indicate the approach to the point where the surfactant inverts its solubility from being water-soluble (negative HLD) to oil-soluble (positive HLD). The HLD alone is a good indicator of how the formulation could behave but it does not produce any formulation property that can be used to predict product performance. The net-average curvature (NAC) are a set of equations that take the value of HLD to predict the properties of the formulation, such as oil (and/or water) solubilization capacity, interfacial tension, phase diagrams, contact angle and others. The book will not only introduce the reader to HLD-NAC but also to the practical use of these concepts in numerous applications ranging from application in the petroleum industry, to environmental remediation, to food, cosmetic and pharmaceutical applications, and even nanotechnology. The last part of the book will look at the molecular origins of the empirical terms in HLD via the Integrated Free Energy Model (IFEM). Concentrates on the HLD and NAC, providing industrially-relevant examples Provides the only single depository for HLD parameters Balances theory and application, with insights from both academic and industrial authors Includes examples relevant to a wide range of fields, with practical guides on how to go from the formulation objective(s) to an actual formulation design

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Surfactant Formulation Engineering using HLD and NAC

Surfactant Formulation Engineering using HLD and NAC
  • Author : Edgar Acosta,Jeffrey Harwell,David A Sabatini
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2022-10-01
  • ISBN : 9780128214824
GET THIS BOOKSurfactant Formulation Engineering using HLD and NAC

Surfactants are molecules that contain groups that are water-loving (hydrophilic) and oil-loving (lipophilic). The central question in formulations is often which of the two portions dominate the behavior of the surfactant. For many years that question was answered in terms of the surfactant structure only. However, the modern view is that the hydrophilic-lipophilic nature of the surfactant is the result of surfactant structure and formulation conditions (nature of the oil, temperature, aqueous phase composition) as captured by a semi-empirical equation

Biobased Surfactants

Biobased Surfactants
  • Author : Douglas G. Hayes,Daniel K. Solaiman,Richard D. Ashby
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2019-04-30
  • ISBN : 9780128127063
GET THIS BOOKBiobased Surfactants

Biobased Surfactants: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications, Second Edition, covers biosurfactant synthesis and applications and demonstrates how to reduce manufacturing and purification costs, impurities, and by-products. Fully updated, this book covers surfactants in biomedical applications, detergents, personal care, food, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, and nanotechnology. It reflects on the latest developments in biobased surfactant science and provides case scenarios to guide readers in efficient and effective biobased surfactant application, along with strategies for research into new applications. This book is written from a

Handbook of Microemulsion Science and Technology

Handbook of Microemulsion Science and Technology
  • Author : Promod Kumar,K.L. Mittal
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 1999-07-21
  • ISBN : 0824719794
GET THIS BOOKHandbook of Microemulsion Science and Technology

Demonstrating methods for overcoming stability issues in paints, wax dispersions, cosmetics, food products, and other industrial applications, this reference probes theoretical and practical issues surrounding microemulsion science and technology. Featuring the work of 51 international experts and containing almost 1000 instructive tables, equations, and illustrations, this book reviews the performance of, and prospects for, experimental methods such as X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), light scattering, small angle neutron scattering, viscosimetry, and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) to characterize various aspects of the

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  • Author : Martin Rieger
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2017-09-29
  • ISBN : 9781351412490
GET THIS BOOKSurfactants in Cosmetics

""Second Edition provides a thorough, up-to-date treatment of the fundamental behavior of surface active agents in solutions, their interaction with biological structures from proteins and membranes to the stratum corneum and epidermis, and their performance in formulations such as shampoos, dentifrice, aerosols, and skin cleansers.

Microemulsion Systems

Microemulsion Systems
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  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 1987-03-27
  • ISBN : 0824774396
GET THIS BOOKMicroemulsion Systems

Oil Spill Remediation

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  • Author : Ponisseril Somasundaran,Partha Patra,Raymond S. Farinato,Kyriakos Papadopoulos
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2014-04-10
  • ISBN : 9781118825648
GET THIS BOOKOil Spill Remediation

This book provides a comprehensive overview of oil spillremediation from the perspectives of policy makers, scientists, andengineers, generally focusing on colloid chemistry phenomena andsolutions involved in oil spills and their cleanup. • First book to address oil spill remediation from theperspective of physicochemical and colloidal science • Discusses current and emerging detergents used inclean-ups • Includes chapters from leading scientists,researchers, engineers, and policy makers • Presents new insights into the possible impact of oilspills on ecosystems as well as preventive measures

SURFACTANT SCIENCE

SURFACTANT SCIENCE
  • Author : Steven Abbott
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2017-11-28
  • ISBN : 1605954845
GET THIS BOOKSURFACTANT SCIENCE

A concise and practical reference for understanding surfactant systems Offers original formulas and phase diagrams for improved surfactant design and performance¿ Equations related to online computer apps allow readers to test their own data Written in a conversational form, with a focus on real-world problems and troubleshooting Applications to detergents, coatings, cosmetics, soil and water remediation, and biosurfactants Full chapter included on foam and anti-foam science

Surfactant Science and Technology

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  • Author : Laurence S. Romsted
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2014-05-05
  • ISBN : 9781439882962
GET THIS BOOKSurfactant Science and Technology

Surfactant research explores the forces responsible for surfactant assembly and the critical industrial, medical, and personal applications, including viscosity control, microelectronics, drug stabilization, drug delivery, cosmetics, enhanced oil recovery, and foods. Surfactant Science and Technology: Retrospects and Prospects, "a Festschrift in honor of Dr. Kash Mittal," provides a broad perspective with chapters contributed by leaders in the fields of surfactant-based physical, organic, and materials chemistries. Many of the authors participated in a special symposium in Melbourne, Australia, honoring Kash Mittal’

Nonionic Surfactants

Nonionic Surfactants
  • Author : Martin J. Schick
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 1987-03-27
  • ISBN : 0824775309
GET THIS BOOKNonionic Surfactants

Microemulsions and Related Systems

Microemulsions and Related Systems
  • Author : Maurice Bourrel,Robert Samuel Schechter
  • Publisher : Editions TECHNIP
  • Release Date : 2010
  • ISBN : 2710809567
GET THIS BOOKMicroemulsions and Related Systems

Beginning with P.A. Winsor's fundamental hypothesis on a natural interfacial curvature depending on the values of the formulation variables, this unique book shows scientists how to understand the intrinsic structure of these complex systems and their corresponding physical properties... predict how a change in one formulation variable (surfactant structure, oil structure, aqueous phase composition, temperature, etc.) will modify the microemulsion... and systematically formulate microemulsions for individual applications.This book provides a thermodynamic analysis supporting the existence of natural interfacial

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  • Author : Cecile A Dreiss,Yujun Feng
  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release Date : 2017-03-21
  • ISBN : 9781782625162
GET THIS BOOKWormlike Micelles

Wormlike micelles are elongated flexible self-assembled structures created from the aggregation of amphiphiles and their resulting dynamic networks have gained attention for a number of uses, particularly in the oil industry. Written by experts, Wormlike Micelles describes the latest developments in the field providing an authoritative guide on the subject. The book starts with an introductory chapter giving an overview of the area and then looks at the three key topics of new wormlike micelle systems, characterization and applications. New

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  • Author : James Sheng
  • Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
  • Release Date : 2010-11-25
  • ISBN : 0080961630
GET THIS BOOKModern Chemical Enhanced Oil Recovery

Crude oil development and production in U.S. oil reservoirs can include up to three distinct phases: primary, secondary, and tertiary (or enhanced) recovery. During primary recovery, the natural pressure of the reservoir or gravity drive oil into the wellbore, combined with artificial lift techniques (such as pumps) which bring the oil to the surface. But only about 10 percent of a reservoir's original oil in place is typically produced during primary recovery. Secondary recovery techniques to the field's productive life

Natural Surfactants

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  • Author : Neha Saxena,Ajay Mandal
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-07-15
  • ISBN : 9783030785482
GET THIS BOOKNatural Surfactants

This book focuses on the use of natural surfactants in enhanced oil recovery, providing an overview of surfactants, their types, and different physical–chemical properties used to analyse the efficiency of surfactants. Natural surfactants discuss the history of the surfactants, their classification, and the use of surfactants in petroleum industry. Special attention has been paid to natural surfactants and their advantages over synthetic surfactants, including analysing their properties such as emulsification, interfacial tension, and wettability and how these can be

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  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Hansen-Solubility
  • Release Date : 2022-10-05
  • ISBN : 9780955122026
GET THIS BOOKHansen Solubility Parameters in Practice

Advances in Processing Technologies for Bio-based Nanosystems in Food

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  • Author : Óscar L. Ramos,Ricardo N. Pereira,Miguel A. Cerqueria,José A. Teixeira,António A. Vicente
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2019-07-25
  • ISBN : 9781351710046
GET THIS BOOKAdvances in Processing Technologies for Bio-based Nanosystems in Food

Nanotechnology can be used to address challenges faced by the food and bioprocessing industries for developing and implementing improved or novel systems that can produce safer, nutritious, healthier, sustainable, and environmental-friendly food products. This book overviews the most recent advances made on the field of nanoscience and nanotechnology that significantly influenced the food industry. Advances in Processing Technologies for Bio-Based Nanosystems in Food provides a multidisciplinary review of the complex mechanisms involved in the research, development, production and legislation of