Rationality

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  • Publisher : Penguin UK
  • Release : 28 September 2021
  • ISBN : 9780241380307
  • Page : 432 pages
  • Rating : 4.5/5 from 103 voters

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A BOOK OF THE YEAR 2021, AS CHOSEN BY THE TIMES 'Punchy, funny and invigorating ... Pinker is the high priest of rationalism' Sunday Times 'If you've ever considered taking drugs to make yourself smarter, read Rationality instead. It's cheaper, more entertaining, and more effective' Jonathan Haidt, author of The Righteous Mind In the twenty-first century, humanity is reaching new heights of scientific understanding - and at the same time appears to be losing its mind. How can a species that discovered vaccines for Covid-19 in less than a year produce so much fake news, quack cures and conspiracy theorizing? In Rationality, Pinker rejects the cynical cliché that humans are simply an irrational species - cavemen out of time fatally cursed with biases, fallacies and illusions. After all, we discovered the laws of nature, lengthened and enriched our lives and set the benchmarks for rationality itself. Instead, he explains, we think in ways that suit the low-tech contexts in which we spend most of our lives, but fail to take advantage of the powerful tools of reasoning we have built up over millennia: logic, critical thinking, probability, causal inference, and decision-making under uncertainty. These tools are not a standard part of our educational curricula, and have never been presented clearly and entertainingly in a single book - until now. Rationality matters. It leads to better choices in our lives and in the public sphere, and is the ultimate driver of social justice and moral progress. Brimming with insight and humour, Rationality will enlighten, inspire and empower. 'A terrific book, much-needed for our time' Peter Singer

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Rationality

Rationality
  • Author : Steven Pinker
  • Publisher : Penguin UK
  • Release Date : 2021-09-28
  • ISBN : 9780241380307
GET THIS BOOKRationality

A BOOK OF THE YEAR 2021, AS CHOSEN BY THE TIMES 'Punchy, funny and invigorating ... Pinker is the high priest of rationalism' Sunday Times 'If you've ever considered taking drugs to make yourself smarter, read Rationality instead. It's cheaper, more entertaining, and more effective' Jonathan Haidt, author of The Righteous Mind In the twenty-first century, humanity is reaching new heights of scientific understanding - and at the same time appears to be losing its mind. How can a species that discovered

The Handbook of Rationality

The Handbook of Rationality
  • Author : Markus Knauff,Wolfgang Spohn
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release Date : 2021-12-14
  • ISBN : 9780262361859
GET THIS BOOKThe Handbook of Rationality

The first reference on rationality that integrates accounts from psychology and philosophy, covering descriptive and normative theories from both disciplines. Both analytic philosophy and cognitive psychology have made dramatic advances in understanding rationality, but there has been little interaction between the disciplines. This volume offers the first integrated overview of the state of the art in the psychology and philosophy of rationality. Written by leading experts from both disciplines, The Handbook of Rationality covers the main normative and descriptive theories

Minimal Rationality

Minimal Rationality
  • Author : Christopher Cherniak
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release Date : 1990-03-14
  • ISBN : 0262530872
GET THIS BOOKMinimal Rationality

In Minimal Rationality, Christopher Cherniak boldly challenges the myth of Man the the Rational Animal and the central role that the "perfectly rational agent" has had in philosophy, psychology, and other cognitive sciences, as well as in economics. His book presents a more realistic theory based on the limits to rationality which can play a similar generative role in the human sciences, and it seeks to determine the minimal rationality an actual agent must possess.

Rationality and Logic

Rationality and Logic
  • Author : Robert Hanna
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release Date : 2009-01-23
  • ISBN : 9780262263115
GET THIS BOOKRationality and Logic

An argument that logic is intrinsically psychological and human psychology is intrinsically logical, and that the connection between human rationality and logic is both constitutive and mutual. In Rationality and Logic, Robert Hanna argues that logic is intrinsically psychological and that human psychology is intrinsically logical. He claims that logic is cognitively constructed by rational animals (including humans) and that rational animals are essentially logical animals. In order to do so, he defends the broadly Kantian thesis that all (and

The Rationality Quotient

The Rationality Quotient
  • Author : Keith E. Stanovich,Richard F. West,Maggie E. Toplak
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release Date : 2016-09-30
  • ISBN : 9780262034845
GET THIS BOOKThe Rationality Quotient

How to assess critical aspects of cognitive functioning that are not measured by IQ tests: rational thinking skills. Why are we surprised when smart people act foolishly? Smart people do foolish things all the time. Misjudgments and bad decisions by highly educated bankers and money managers, for example, brought us the financial crisis of 2008. Smart people do foolish things because intelligence is not the same as the capacity for rational thinking. The Rationality Quotient explains that these two traits, often (

Bounded Rationality

Bounded Rationality
  • Author : Gerd Gigerenzer,Reinhard Selten
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release Date : 2002-07-26
  • ISBN : 0262571641
GET THIS BOOKBounded Rationality

In a complex and uncertain world, humans and animals make decisions under the constraints of limited knowledge, resources, and time. Yet models of rational decision making in economics, cognitive science, biology, and other fields largely ignore these real constraints and instead assume agents with perfect information and unlimited time. About forty years ago, Herbert Simon challenged this view with his notion of "bounded rationality." Today, bounded rationality has become a fashionable term used for disparate views of reasoning. This book

The Economics of Rationality

The Economics of Rationality
  • Author : Bill J Gerrard
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2006-04-10
  • ISBN : 9781134915286
GET THIS BOOKThe Economics of Rationality

The concept of rationality is the heart of modern economics. Neo-classical theory seems unable to proceed without assuming a rational agent seeking to find the optimal means to a well defined end. Yet many find this uncritical treatment of rationality problematic. It takes little account of culture history or creativity and consequently many economists find this insistence on rationality of little use when trying to explain a wide range of economic phenomena. Increasingly these include a large number of game

Rationality, Hermeneutics and Dialogue

Rationality, Hermeneutics and Dialogue
  • Author : Paul Healy
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2017-11-30
  • ISBN : 9781351150781
GET THIS BOOKRationality, Hermeneutics and Dialogue

What is rationality and how are we to conceive of it today given the major theoretical changes that have profoundly altered our philosophical self-understanding? Rationality, Hermeneutics and Dialogue develops a systematic response to these questions, defending an approach to rationality that can meet the demands of a postfoundationalist and pluralistic era. Engaging critically with the work of Habermas, Gadamer and Foucault, Healy makes the case for a dialogical approach to rationality as a fitting response to postfoundationalist needs. As well

The Limits of Rationality

The Limits of Rationality
  • Author : Roger Brubaker
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2013-04-15
  • ISBN : 9781135657352
GET THIS BOOKThe Limits of Rationality

In The Limits of Rationality Rogers Brubaker explores the intimate and ambiguous interplay between Max Weber's empirical work and his moral vision, between his historical and sociological analysis of the 'specific and peculiar rationalism' of modern Western civilization and his deeply ambivalent moral response to that rationalism. Weber's ideas about rationality are central to his sociological work, and they are central to his moral perspective. But these ideas are neither easily accessible nor easily understandable, in part because Weber never

The Normativity of Rationality

The Normativity of Rationality
  • Author : Ralph Wedgwood
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2017-07-20
  • ISBN : 9780198802693
GET THIS BOOKThe Normativity of Rationality

We assess people's states of mind and processes of reasoning (such as their beliefs and choices) in many ways. One kind of assessment of these states and processes is commonly expressed by the word 'rational'. This book explains what this means. According to this explanation, when we assess beliefs or choices as "rational" or as "irrational", we are evaluating them as in a certain way good or bad. This book rebuts objections to this explanation, by developing aprecise general account

Beyond Rationality

Beyond Rationality
  • Author : Alex Mintz,Nicholas A. Valentino,Carly Wayne
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2021-12-02
  • ISBN : 9781316516355
GET THIS BOOKBeyond Rationality

The first textbook to present a framework of the Behavioral Political Science paradigm for understanding political decision-making.

Aspects of Rationality

Aspects of Rationality
  • Author : Raymond S. Nickerson
  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release Date : 2012-10-02
  • ISBN : 9781136676345
GET THIS BOOKAspects of Rationality

What does it mean to be rational – to reason well and effectively? How does rationality, broadly conceived, relate to the knowledge one acquires, the beliefs one forms, the explanations one constructs or appropriates, the judgments and decisions one makes, the values one adopts? What is the character of human reasoning and, in particular, does it tend to be rational? Much has been written about human rationality – or lack thereof. In recent years, some writers have focused attention on the numerous

Reason and Rationality

Reason and Rationality
  • Author : Jon Elster
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release Date : 2009
  • ISBN : 0691139008
GET THIS BOOKReason and Rationality

One of the world's most important political philosophers, Jon Elster is a leading thinker on reason and rationality and their roles in politics and public life. In this short book, he crystallizes and advances his work, bridging the gap between philosophers who use the idea of reason to assess human behavior from a normative point of view and social scientists who use the idea of rationality to explain behavior. In place of these approaches, Elster proposes a unified conceptual framework

The Bias That Divides Us

The Bias That Divides Us
  • Author : Keith E. Stanovich
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release Date : 2021-08-31
  • ISBN : 9780262365239
GET THIS BOOKThe Bias That Divides Us

Why we don't live in a post-truth society but rather a myside society: what science tells us about the bias that poisons our politics. In The Bias That Divides Us, psychologist Keith Stanovich argues provocatively that we don't live in a post-truth society, as has been claimed, but rather a myside society. Our problem is not that we are unable to value and respect truth and facts, but that we are unable to agree on commonly accepted truth and facts.

Rationality and Freedom

Rationality and Freedom
  • Author : Amartya Sen
  • Publisher : Harvard University Press
  • Release Date : 2004-03-30
  • ISBN : 0674013514
GET THIS BOOKRationality and Freedom

Rationality and freedom are among the most profound and contentious concepts in philosophy and the social sciences. In this, the first of two volumes, Amartya Sen brings clarity and insight to these difficult issues.