Rationality

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  • Publisher : Penguin UK
  • Release : 28 September 2021
  • ISBN : 9780241380307
  • Page : 272 pages
  • Rating : 4.5/5 from 103 voters

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A TIMES BOOK OF THE YEAR 2021 'Punchy, funny and invigorating ... Pinker is the high priest of rationalism' Sunday Times 'If you've ever considered taking drugs to make yourself smarter, read Rationality instead. It's cheaper, more entertaining, and more effective' Jonathan Haidt, author of The Righteous Mind In the twenty-first century, humanity is reaching new heights of scientific understanding - and at the same time appears to be losing its mind. How can a species that discovered vaccines for Covid-19 in less than a year produce so much fake news, quack cures and conspiracy theorizing? In Rationality, Pinker rejects the cynical cliché that humans are simply an irrational species - cavemen out of time fatally cursed with biases, fallacies and illusions. After all, we discovered the laws of nature, lengthened and enriched our lives and set the benchmarks for rationality itself. Instead, he explains, we think in ways that suit the low-tech contexts in which we spend most of our lives, but fail to take advantage of the powerful tools of reasoning we have built up over millennia: logic, critical thinking, probability, causal inference, and decision-making under uncertainty. These tools are not a standard part of our educational curricula, and have never been presented clearly and entertainingly in a single book - until now. Rationality matters. It leads to better choices in our lives and in the public sphere, and is the ultimate driver of social justice and moral progress. Brimming with insight and humour, Rationality will enlighten, inspire and empower. 'A terrific book, much-needed for our time' Peter Singer

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Rationality

Rationality
  • Author : Steven Pinker
  • Publisher : Penguin UK
  • Release Date : 2021-09-28
  • ISBN : 9780241380307
GET THIS BOOKRationality

A TIMES BOOK OF THE YEAR 2021 'Punchy, funny and invigorating ... Pinker is the high priest of rationalism' Sunday Times 'If you've ever considered taking drugs to make yourself smarter, read Rationality instead. It's cheaper, more entertaining, and more effective' Jonathan Haidt, author of The Righteous Mind In the twenty-first century, humanity is reaching new heights of scientific understanding - and at the same time appears to be losing its mind. How can a species that discovered vaccines for Covid-19 in

Minimal Rationality

Minimal Rationality
  • Author : Christopher Cherniak
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release Date : 1990-03-14
  • ISBN : 0262530872
GET THIS BOOKMinimal Rationality

In Minimal Rationality, Christopher Cherniak boldly challenges the myth of Man the the Rational Animal and the central role that the "perfectly rational agent" has had in philosophy, psychology, and other cognitive sciences, as well as in economics. His book presents a more realistic theory based on the limits to rationality which can play a similar generative role in the human sciences, and it seeks to determine the minimal rationality an actual agent must possess.

The Handbook of Rationality

The Handbook of Rationality
  • Author : Markus Knauff,Wolfgang Spohn
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release Date : 2021-12-14
  • ISBN : 9780262361859
GET THIS BOOKThe Handbook of Rationality

The first reference on rationality that integrates accounts from psychology and philosophy, covering descriptive and normative theories from both disciplines. Both analytic philosophy and cognitive psychology have made dramatic advances in understanding rationality, but there has been little interaction between the disciplines. This volume offers the first integrated overview of the state of the art in the psychology and philosophy of rationality. Written by leading experts from both disciplines, The Handbook of Rationality covers the main normative and descriptive theories

The Rationality Quotient

The Rationality Quotient
  • Author : Keith E. Stanovich,Richard F. West,Maggie E. Toplak
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release Date : 2016-09-30
  • ISBN : 9780262034845
GET THIS BOOKThe Rationality Quotient

How to assess critical aspects of cognitive functioning that are not measured by IQ tests: rational thinking skills. Why are we surprised when smart people act foolishly? Smart people do foolish things all the time. Misjudgments and bad decisions by highly educated bankers and money managers, for example, brought us the financial crisis of 2008. Smart people do foolish things because intelligence is not the same as the capacity for rational thinking. The Rationality Quotient explains that these two traits, often (

Bounded Rationality

Bounded Rationality
  • Author : Sanjit Dhami,Cass R. Sunstein
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release Date : 2022-07-12
  • ISBN : 9780262543705
GET THIS BOOKBounded Rationality

Two leaders in the field explore the foundations of bounded rationality and its effects on choices by individuals, firms, and the government. Bounded rationality recognizes that human behavior departs from the perfect rationality assumed by neoclassical economics. In this book, Sanjit Dhami and Cass R. Sunstein explore the foundations of bounded rationality and consider the implications of this approach for public policy and law, in particular for questions about choice, welfare, and freedom. The authors, both recognized as experts in

Beyond Rationality

Beyond Rationality
  • Author : Alex Mintz,Nicholas A. Valentino,Carly Wayne
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2021-12-02
  • ISBN : 9781316516355
GET THIS BOOKBeyond Rationality

The first textbook to present a framework of the Behavioral Political Science paradigm for understanding political decision-making.

Rationality and Logic

Rationality and Logic
  • Author : Robert Hanna
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release Date : 2009-01-23
  • ISBN : 9780262263115
GET THIS BOOKRationality and Logic

An argument that logic is intrinsically psychological and human psychology is intrinsically logical, and that the connection between human rationality and logic is both constitutive and mutual. In Rationality and Logic, Robert Hanna argues that logic is intrinsically psychological and that human psychology is intrinsically logical. He claims that logic is cognitively constructed by rational animals (including humans) and that rational animals are essentially logical animals. In order to do so, he defends the broadly Kantian thesis that all (and

The Value of Rationality

The Value of Rationality
  • Author : Ralph Wedgwood
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2017
  • ISBN : 9780198802693
GET THIS BOOKThe Value of Rationality

Ralph Wedgwood gives a general account of what it is for states of mind and processes of thought to count as rational. Whether you are thinking rationally depends purely on what is going on in your mind, but rational thinking is a means to the goal of getting things right in your thinking, by believing the truth or making good choices.

The Economics of Rationality

The Economics of Rationality
  • Author : Bill J Gerrard
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2006-04-10
  • ISBN : 9781134915286
GET THIS BOOKThe Economics of Rationality

The concept of rationality is the heart of modern economics. Neo-classical theory seems unable to proceed without assuming a rational agent seeking to find the optimal means to a well defined end. Yet many find this uncritical treatment of rationality problematic. It takes little account of culture history or creativity and consequently many economists find this insistence on rationality of little use when trying to explain a wide range of economic phenomena. Increasingly these include a large number of game

Rationality and Freedom

Rationality and Freedom
  • Author : Amartya Sen
  • Publisher : Harvard University Press
  • Release Date : 2004-03-30
  • ISBN : 0674013514
GET THIS BOOKRationality and Freedom

Rationality and freedom are among the most profound and contentious concepts in philosophy and the social sciences. In this, the first of two volumes, Amartya Sen brings clarity and insight to these difficult issues.

Rationality, Hermeneutics and Dialogue

Rationality, Hermeneutics and Dialogue
  • Author : Paul Healy
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2017-11-30
  • ISBN : 9781351150781
GET THIS BOOKRationality, Hermeneutics and Dialogue

What is rationality and how are we to conceive of it today given the major theoretical changes that have profoundly altered our philosophical self-understanding? Rationality, Hermeneutics and Dialogue develops a systematic response to these questions, defending an approach to rationality that can meet the demands of a postfoundationalist and pluralistic era. Engaging critically with the work of Habermas, Gadamer and Foucault, Healy makes the case for a dialogical approach to rationality as a fitting response to postfoundationalist needs. As well

Modeling Bounded Rationality

Modeling Bounded Rationality
  • Author : Ariel Rubinstein
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release Date : 1998
  • ISBN : 0262681005
GET THIS BOOKModeling Bounded Rationality

The notion of bounded rationality was initiated in the 1950s by Herbert Simon; only recently has it influenced mainstream economics. In this book, Ariel Rubinstein defines models of bounded rationality as those in which elements of the process of choice are explicitly embedded. The book focuses on the challenges of modeling bounded rationality, rather than on substantial economic implications. In the first part of the book, the author considers the modeling of choice. After discussing some psychological findings, he proceeds

The Limits of Rationality

The Limits of Rationality
  • Author : Roger Brubaker
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2013-04-15
  • ISBN : 9781135657352
GET THIS BOOKThe Limits of Rationality

In The Limits of Rationality Rogers Brubaker explores the intimate and ambiguous interplay between Max Weber's empirical work and his moral vision, between his historical and sociological analysis of the 'specific and peculiar rationalism' of modern Western civilization and his deeply ambivalent moral response to that rationalism. Weber's ideas about rationality are central to his sociological work, and they are central to his moral perspective. But these ideas are neither easily accessible nor easily understandable, in part because Weber never

Climate Rationality

Climate Rationality
  • Author : Jason S. Johnston
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2021-08-19
  • ISBN : 9781108415637
GET THIS BOOKClimate Rationality

Johnston unpacks and critiques the legal, economic, and scientific basis for precautionary climate policies pursued in the United States. In doing so, he reveals an alternative approach to climate change policy that would enable the US to efficiently adapt to a changing climate and radically reduce its greenhouse gas emissions.

The Rationality of Emotion

The Rationality of Emotion
  • Author : Ronald De Sousa
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release Date : 1990-03-14
  • ISBN : 0262540576
GET THIS BOOKThe Rationality of Emotion

In this urbane and witty book, Ronald de Sousa disputes the widespread notion that reason and emotion are natural antagonists. He argues that emotions are a kind of perception, that their roots in the paradigm scenarios in which they are learned give them an essentially dramatic structure, and that they have a crucial role to-play in rational beliefs, desires, and decisions by breaking the deadlocks of pure reason.The book's twelve chapters take up the following topics: alternative models of