Neutron Scattering Fundamentals

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Read or download book entitled Neutron Scattering Fundamentals written by Masatoshi Arai and published by Elsevier Inc. Chapters in PDF, EPUB and Kindle Format. Click Get This Book button to download or read online books. Join over 650.000 happy Readers and READ as many books as you like. We cannot guarantee that Neutron Scattering Fundamentals book is available in the library.

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 22 November 2013
  • ISBN : 9780128066492
  • Page : 576 pages
  • Rating : 4.5/5 from 103 voters

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In this chapter, neutron experimental techniques are described. The chapter covers the basics of neutron scattering, neutron source characteristics, diffraction techniques, inelastic neutron scattering, instruments for semi-macroscopic structure analysis, detectors, optics, choppers, and some concepts for instrument design. Techniques for both steady and pulsed sources are described, with more emphasis on the latter in view of the recent worldwide trend toward pulsed sources, generally pulsed spallation sources. The source character, even within the class of pulsed sources, has a significant influence on instrument design. Inelasticity effects in the total scattering technique are clearly specified in the chapter. Some details of chopper instruments, including resolution effects, are described, since this class of instruments has recently received considerable innovative development and use over a wide range of science. Recent developments in scintillation detectors are discussed as an alternative technology to more conventional 3He detectors. Optical components are becoming more and more important not only for neutron transport but also for background reduction. Neutron spin-echo techniques are presented as an example of the exploitation of polarized neutrons.

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Neutron Scattering – Fundamentals

Neutron Scattering – Fundamentals
  • Author : Masatoshi Arai
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-11-22
  • ISBN : 9780128066492
GET THIS BOOKNeutron Scattering – Fundamentals

In this chapter, neutron experimental techniques are described. The chapter covers the basics of neutron scattering, neutron source characteristics, diffraction techniques, inelastic neutron scattering, instruments for semi-macroscopic structure analysis, detectors, optics, choppers, and some concepts for instrument design. Techniques for both steady and pulsed sources are described, with more emphasis on the latter in view of the recent worldwide trend toward pulsed sources, generally pulsed spallation sources. The source character, even within the class of pulsed sources, has a significant

Neutron Scattering – Fundamentals

Neutron Scattering – Fundamentals
  • Author : David L. Price,Felix Fernandez-Alonso
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-11-22
  • ISBN : 9780128066478
GET THIS BOOKNeutron Scattering – Fundamentals

This introductory chapter provides a self-contained survey of the merits, strengths, and conceptual framework underpinning the use of neutrons as a probe of the structure and dynamics of materials. We also take the opportunity to illustrate important concepts using examples taken from the scientific literature, as well as establish the basic notation that will be used throughout, and listed in more detail in the List of Commonly Used Symbols.

Neutron Scattering – Fundamentals

Neutron Scattering – Fundamentals
  • Author : Jeffrey Penfold,Ian M. Tucker
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-11-22
  • ISBN : 9780128066515
GET THIS BOOKNeutron Scattering – Fundamentals

Large-scale structures encompass a broad area of science involving soft matter, biomaterials, and nanotechnology, defined by relatively weak interactions and length scales that extend from nanometer to micrometer. The key features of such systems that require characterization and quantification are surfaces and interfaces, adsorption, thin films, and self-assembly and hierarchical structures in solution and the solid phase. The neutron scattering techniques of neutron reflectivity and small-angle neutron scattering have emerged over the past two decades as important probes of these

Neutron Scattering – Fundamentals

Neutron Scattering – Fundamentals
  • Author : Silvia C. Capelli
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-11-22
  • ISBN : 9780128066508
GET THIS BOOKNeutron Scattering – Fundamentals

Investigating the structure of a material is the first essential step in understanding its macroscopic properties. Getting insights of the interatomic and inter/intra-molecular interactions that influence the stability and the chemical behavior of a given compound allows its application in the best possible conditions and opens the way to design new materials with tailored properties. Neutron diffraction is a fundamental tool in structural characterization. Few examples concerning chemical crystallography, will be given to illustrate the properties that make neutrons

Neutron Scattering – Fundamentals

Neutron Scattering – Fundamentals
  • Author : Mark R. Johnson,Gordon J. Kearley
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-11-22
  • ISBN : 9780128066522
GET THIS BOOKNeutron Scattering – Fundamentals

The aim of this chapter is to show how inelastic and quasielastic neutron scattering can be used to study dynamics in a range of materials varying from simple model systems to complex systems that are close to those used in technologically important applications. After a brief overview of the theoretical and instrumental concepts, we use examples to show how different types of atomic and molecular motions can be understood using neutron scattering experiments, frequently in combination with atomistic modeling methods.

Neutron Scattering – Fundamentals

Neutron Scattering – Fundamentals
  • Author : Francisco J. Bermejo,Fernando Sordo
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-11-22
  • ISBN : 9780128066485
GET THIS BOOKNeutron Scattering – Fundamentals

This chapter reviews the most significant developments that have taken place in the design, construction, and operation of new neutron sources as well as the refurbishment programs of others already serving the neutron-scattering community. Such advances in neutron production devices are to be considered in conjunction with impressive achievements in the optimization of neutron delivery systems as well as in neutron instrumentation which overall resulted in a truly remarkable improvement in neutron count rates. As a result, the capabilities of

Neutrons and Synchrotron Radiation in Engineering Materials Science

Neutrons and Synchrotron Radiation in Engineering Materials Science
  • Author : Peter Staron,Andreas Schreyer,Helmut Clemens,Svea Mayer
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2017-06-19
  • ISBN : 9783527335923
GET THIS BOOKNeutrons and Synchrotron Radiation in Engineering Materials Science

Retaining its proven concept, the second edition of this ready reference specifically addresses the need of materials engineers for reliable, detailed information on modern material characterization methods. As such, it provides a systematic overview of the increasingly important field of characterization of engineering materials with the help of neutrons and synchrotron radiation. The first part introduces readers to the fundamentals of structure-property relationships in materials and the radiation sources suitable for materials characterization. The second part then focuses on such

Introduction to the Theory of Thermal Neutron Scattering

Introduction to the Theory of Thermal Neutron Scattering
  • Author : G. L. Squires
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2012-03-29
  • ISBN : 9781107644069
GET THIS BOOKIntroduction to the Theory of Thermal Neutron Scattering

A long-awaited reprint of the book that has established itself as the classic textbook on neutron scattering. It will be an invaluable introductory text for students taking courses on neutron scattering, as well as for researchers and those who would like to deepen their knowledge on the subject through self-study.

Neutron Scattering with a Triple-Axis Spectrometer

Neutron Scattering with a Triple-Axis Spectrometer
  • Author : Gen Shirane,Stephen M. Shapiro,John M. Tranquada
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2002-02-21
  • ISBN : 9781139431019
GET THIS BOOKNeutron Scattering with a Triple-Axis Spectrometer

Neutron scattering is an extremely powerful tool in the study of elemental excitations in condensed matter. This book provides a practical guide to basic techniques using a triple-axis spectrometer. Introductory chapters summarize useful scattering formulas and describe the components of a spectrometer, followed by a comprehensive discussion of the resolution function and focusing effects. Later sections include simple examples of phonon and magnon measurements, and an analysis of spurious effects in both inelastic and elastic measurements, and how to avoid

Elements of Slow-Neutron Scattering

Elements of Slow-Neutron Scattering
  • Author : J. M. Carpenter,C.-K. Loong
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2015-09-24
  • ISBN : 9780521857819
GET THIS BOOKElements of Slow-Neutron Scattering

This book provides a comprehensive and up-to-date introduction to the fundamental theory and applications of slow-neutron scattering.

Neutron Scattering - Magnetic and Quantum Phenomena

Neutron Scattering - Magnetic and Quantum Phenomena
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2015-11-29
  • ISBN : 9780128020937
GET THIS BOOKNeutron Scattering - Magnetic and Quantum Phenomena

Neutron Scattering - Magnetic and Quantum Phenomena provides detailed coverage of the application of neutron scattering in condensed matter research. The book's primary aim is to enable researchers in a particular area to identify the aspects of their work where neutron scattering techniques might contribute, conceive the important experiments to be done, assess what is required to carry them out, write a successful proposal for one of the major user facilities, and perform the experiments under the guidance of the

Principles of Neutron Scattering from Condensed Matter

Principles of Neutron Scattering from Condensed Matter
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release Date : 2020-07-09
  • ISBN : 9780198862314
GET THIS BOOKPrinciples of Neutron Scattering from Condensed Matter

Neutron scattering is arguably the most powerful technique available for looking inside materials and seeing what the atoms are doing. This textbook provides a comprehensive and up-to-date account of the many different ways neutrons are being used to investigate the behaviour of atoms and molecules in bulk matter. It is written in a pedagogical style, and includes many examples and exercises. Every year, thousands of experiments are performed at neutron scattering facilities around the world, exploring phenomena in physics, chemistry,

Neutron Scattering – Applications in Biology, Chemistry, and Materials Science

Neutron Scattering – Applications in Biology, Chemistry, and Materials Science
  • Author : Felix Fernandez-Alonso,David L Price
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2017-06-14
  • ISBN : 9780128092309
GET THIS BOOKNeutron Scattering – Applications in Biology, Chemistry, and Materials Science

Neutron Scattering: Applications in Chemistry, Materials Science and Biology, Volume 49, provides an in-depth overview of the applications of neutron scattering in the fields of physics, materials science, chemistry, biology, the earth sciences, and engineering. The book describes the tremendous advances in instrumental, experimental, and computational techniques over the past quarter-century. Examples include the coming-of-age of neutron reflectivity and spin-echo spectroscopy, the advent of brighter accelerator-based neutron facilities and associated techniques in the United States and Japan over the past decade,

Neutron Scattering

Neutron Scattering
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2013-11-22
  • ISBN : 9780123983855
GET THIS BOOKNeutron Scattering

This work covers in some detail the application of neutron scattering to different fields of physics, materials science, chemistry, biology, the earth sciences and engineering. Its goal is to enable researchers in a particular area to identify aspects of their work in which neutron scattering techniques might contribute, conceive the important experiments to be done, assess what is required to carry them out, write a successful proposal for one of the major user facilities, and perform the experiments under the

Structure Analysis by Small-Angle X-Ray and Neutron Scattering

Structure Analysis by Small-Angle X-Ray and Neutron Scattering
  • Author : L.A. Feigin,D.I. Svergun
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-11-11
  • ISBN : 9781475766240
GET THIS BOOKStructure Analysis by Small-Angle X-Ray and Neutron Scattering

Small-angle scattering of X rays and neutrons is a widely used diffraction method for studying the structure of matter. This method of elastic scattering is used in various branches of science and technology, includ ing condensed matter physics, molecular biology and biophysics, polymer science, and metallurgy. Many small-angle scattering studies are of value for pure science and practical applications. It is well known that the most general and informative method for investigating the spatial structure of matter is based on