Misleading DNA Evidence

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  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 18 June 2014
  • ISBN : 9780124172203
  • Page : 100 pages
  • Rating : 4.5/5 from 103 voters

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Misleading DNA Evidence: A Guide for Scientists, Judges, and Lawyers presents the reasons miscarriages of justice can occur when dealing with DNA, what the role of the forensic scientist is throughout the process, and how judges and lawyers can educate themselves about all of the possibilities to consider when dealing with cases that involve DNA evidence. DNA has become the gold standard by which a person can be placed at the scene of a crime, and the past decade has seen great advances in this powerful crime solving tool. But the statistics that analysts can attach to DNA evidence often vary, and in some cases the statistical weight assigned to that match, can vary enormously. The numbers provided to juries often overstate the evidence, and can result in a wrongful conviction. In addition to statistics, the way the evidence is collected, stored and analyzed can also result in a wrongful conviction due to contamination. This book reviews high-profile and somewhat contentious cases to illustrate these points, including the death of Meredith Kercher. It examines crucial topics such as characterization of errors and determination of error rates, reporting DNA profiles and the source and sub-source levels, and the essentials of statement writing. It is a concise, readable resource that will help not only scientists, but legal professionals with limited scientific backgrounds, to understand the intricacies of DNA use in the justice system. Ideal reference for scientists and for those without extensive scientific backgrounds Written by one of the pioneers in forensic DNA typing and interpretation of DNA profiling results Ideal format for travel, court environments, or wherever easy access to reference material is vital

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Misleading DNA Evidence

Misleading DNA Evidence
  • Author : Peter Gill
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2014-06-18
  • ISBN : 9780124172203
GET THIS BOOKMisleading DNA Evidence

Misleading DNA Evidence: A Guide for Scientists, Judges, and Lawyers presents the reasons miscarriages of justice can occur when dealing with DNA, what the role of the forensic scientist is throughout the process, and how judges and lawyers can educate themselves about all of the possibilities to consider when dealing with cases that involve DNA evidence. DNA has become the gold standard by which a person can be placed at the scene of a crime, and the past decade has

The Evaluation of Forensic DNA Evidence

The Evaluation of Forensic DNA Evidence
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Life Sciences,Committee on DNA Forensic Science: An Update
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 1996-12-12
  • ISBN : 0309053951
GET THIS BOOKThe Evaluation of Forensic DNA Evidence

In 1992 the National Research Council issued DNA Technology in Forensic Science, a book that documented the state of the art in this emerging field. Recently, this volume was brought to worldwide attention in the murder trial of celebrity O. J. Simpson. The Evaluation of Forensic DNA Evidence reports on developments in population genetics and statistics since the original volume was published. The committee comments on statements in the original book that proved controversial or that have been misapplied in the

Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States

Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Committee on Applied and Theoretical Statistics,Policy and Global Affairs,Committee on Science, Technology, and Law,Committee on Identifying the Needs of the Forensic Sciences Community
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2009-07-29
  • ISBN : 9780309142397
GET THIS BOOKStrengthening Forensic Science in the United States

Scores of talented and dedicated people serve the forensic science community, performing vitally important work. However, they are often constrained by lack of adequate resources, sound policies, and national support. It is clear that change and advancements, both systematic and scientific, are needed in a number of forensic science disciplines to ensure the reliability of work, establish enforceable standards, and promote best practices with consistent application. Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forward provides a detailed plan

Silent Witness

Silent Witness
  • Author : Henry Erlich,Eric Stover,Thomas J. White
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2020-09-18
  • ISBN : 9780190909468
GET THIS BOOKSilent Witness

Since its introduction in the late 1980s, DNA analysis has revolutionized the forensic sciences: it has helped to convict the guilty, exonerate the wrongfully convicted, identify victims of mass atrocities, and reunite families whose members have been separated by war and repressive regimes. Yet, many of the scientific, legal, societal, and ethical concepts that underpin forensic DNA analysis remain poorly understood, and their application often controversial. Told by over twenty experts in genetics, law, and social science, Silent Witness relates

Blood Evidence

Blood Evidence
  • Author : Henry Lee,Frank Tirnady
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2003-04-17
  • ISBN : UOM:39015060646026
GET THIS BOOKBlood Evidence

Uses case studies to examine how investigators collect genetic evidence and discusses how DNA has altered crime-solving and the court system as well as the ethical ramifications of cloning, genetic modification, and the death penalty.

Interpreting Evidence

Interpreting Evidence
  • Author : Bernard Robertson,G. A. Vignaux,Charles E. H. Berger
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2016-09-19
  • ISBN : 9781118492482
GET THIS BOOKInterpreting Evidence

This book explains the correct logical approach to analysis of forensic scientific evidence. The focus is on general methods of analysis applicable to all forms of evidence. It starts by explaining the general principles and then applies them to issues in DNA and other important forms of scientific evidence as examples. Like the first edition, the book analyses real legal cases and judgments rather than hypothetical examples and shows how the problems perceived in those cases would have been solved

Investigation of the Effect of Time and Surface Type on Amplicon Contamination of DNA Profiles

Investigation of the Effect of Time and Surface Type on Amplicon Contamination of DNA Profiles
  • Author : Arwa Hashem Mohamed Al-Hanbali,University of Western Australia. Centre for Forensic Science
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2010
  • ISBN : OCLC:903685025
GET THIS BOOKInvestigation of the Effect of Time and Surface Type on Amplicon Contamination of DNA Profiles

Forensic analysis of the Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) obtained from biological evidence, such as blood or cellular samples, commonly known as DNA profiling or DNA typing , has become an important tool for individual identification in the criminal justice system. However, the disturbing possibility of deliberate contamination of the DNA evidence at the crime scene still exists. Accidental DNA contamination is widely researched and many preventative procedures have been put in place to eliminate this form of DNA contamination. On the other

Inside the Cell

Inside the Cell
  • Author : Erin E. Murphy
  • Publisher : Bold Type Books
  • Release Date : 2015-10-06
  • ISBN : 9781568584706
GET THIS BOOKInside the Cell

Josiah Sutton was convicted of rape. He was five inches shorter and 65 pounds lighter than the suspect described by the victim, but at trial a lab analyst testified that his DNA was found at the crime scene. His case looked like many others -- arrest, swab, match, conviction. But there was just one problem -- Sutton was innocent. We think of DNA forensics as an infallible science that catches the bad guys and exonerates the innocent. But when the science

Interpreting Complex Forensic DNA Evidence

Interpreting Complex Forensic DNA Evidence
  • Author : Jane Moira Taupin
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2019-11-14
  • ISBN : 9781351023771
GET THIS BOOKInterpreting Complex Forensic DNA Evidence

Interpreting Complex Forensic DNA Evidence is a handy guide to recent advances—and emerging issues—in interpreting complex DNA evidence and profiles for use in criminal investigations. In certain cases, DNA cannot be connected to a specific biological material such as blood, semen or saliva. How or when the DNA was deposited may be an issue. The possibility of generating DNA profiles from touched objects, where there may not be a visible deposit, has expanded the scope and number of

Using Forensic DNA Evidence at Trial

Using Forensic DNA Evidence at Trial
  • Author : Jane Moira Taupin
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2018-09-03
  • ISBN : 9781315360683
GET THIS BOOKUsing Forensic DNA Evidence at Trial

Using Forensic DNA Evidence at Trial: A Case Study Approach covers the most common DNA analysis methods used in criminal trials today, including STR techniques, mitochondrial DNA, and Y-STRs. It presents some novel techniques—including familial testing and analyzing domestic animal hair—that have been recently introduced in unique cases, each of which is outlined in detail. It also illustrates special issues related to forensic DNA evidence by using court proceedings such as trials and appeals, commissions of inquiry, and

Statistical Science in the Courtroom

Statistical Science in the Courtroom
  • Author : Joseph L. Gastwirth
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • ISBN : 9781461212164
GET THIS BOOKStatistical Science in the Courtroom

Expert testimony relying on scientific and other specialized evidence has come under increased scrutiny by the legal system. A trilogy of recent U.S. Supreme Court cases has assigned judges the task of assessing the relevance and reliability of proposed expert testimony. In conjunction with the Federal judiciary, the American Association for the Advancement of Science has initiated a project to provide judges indicating a need with their own expert. This concern with the proper interpretation of scientific evidence, especially

42 Mondays

42 Mondays
  • Author : K. Jayanth Murali
  • Publisher : Notion Press
  • Release Date : 2020-01-10
  • ISBN : 9781645469025
GET THIS BOOK42 Mondays

Buckle-up before you riffle through the pages of this fascinating book. You are about to embark on a cool ride that will not just blow you away but also take the lid off some disruptive emerging technologies that promise kick-ass capabilities for the police to combat crime and criminals. As you journey through the book, encounter some cool emerging technologies, such as Artificial Intelligence, Augmented Reality, 3D Printing, DNA Profiling, Genetic Genealogy, Virtual Reality, Brain Fingerprinting, Nanotechnology, Quantum Computing, Synthetic

Three False Convictions, Many Lessons

Three False Convictions, Many Lessons
  • Author : David C Anderson,Nigel P Scott
  • Publisher : Waterside Press
  • Release Date : 2016-09-21
  • ISBN : 9781909976351
GET THIS BOOKThree False Convictions, Many Lessons

A new perspective on the roles of psychopathology, confirmation bias, false confessions, the media and internet (amongst other causes) of unjust accusations. Putting lack of empathy at the fore in terms of police, prosecutors and others, it considers a wide range of other psychopathological aspects of miscarriages of justice. By looking at three high profile cases, those of Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito (Italy), Stefan Kiszko (UK) and Darlie Routier (USA)—the authors show that motive forces are a mind-set

Biotechnology in Our Lives

Biotechnology in Our Lives
  • Author : Jeremy Gruber,Sheldon Krimsky
  • Publisher : Simon and Schuster
  • Release Date : 2013-06-01
  • ISBN : 9781632202444
GET THIS BOOKBiotechnology in Our Lives

For a quarter of a century, the Council for Responsible Genetics has provided a unique historical lens into the modern history, science, ethics, and politics of genetic technologies. Since 1983 the Council has had leading scientists, activists, science writers, and public health advocates researching and reporting on a broad spectrum of issues, including genetically engineered foods, biological weapons, genetic privacy and discrimination, reproductive technologies, and human cloning. Biotechnology in Our Lives examines how these issues affect us daily whether we realize

Convicted by Juries, Exonerated by Science

Convicted by Juries, Exonerated by Science
  • Author : Edward F. Connors
  • Publisher : DIANE Publishing
  • Release Date : 1996
  • ISBN : 0788131257
GET THIS BOOKConvicted by Juries, Exonerated by Science

The development of DNA technology furthers the search for truth by helping police & prosecutors in the fight against violent crime. Most of the individuals whose stories are told in the report were convicted after jury trials & were sentenced to long prison terms. They successfully challenged their convictions, using DNA tests on existing evidence. They had served, on average, seven years in prison. By highlighting the importance & utility of DNA evidence, this report presents challenges to the scientific & justice communities. A