European Glacial Landscapes

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  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 26 September 2022
  • ISBN : 9780323985116
  • Page : 645 pages
  • Rating : 4.5/5 from 103 voters

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European Glacial Landscapes: The Role of Glaciers in Shaping the Landscape of Europe During the Last Deglaciation brings together relevant experts on the history of glaciers and their impact on the landscape of the main European regions. The European glaciers ended their maximum expansion of the Last Glacial Cycleapproximately 20,000 years ago, when ice-sheets covered all the Scandinavian countries, Finland, much of the British Isles, the shores of the Baltic Sea and Central-Europe until roughly the present Rhine River. The glaciers covered also large areas of the main European mountains, such as the Urals, the Carpathians, the Alps, the Balkans, the Pyrenees, etc. Glaciers were also present even in the southernmost mountains, sometimes forming remarkable ice caps with cirque glaciers on relatively low mountains bordering the Mediterranean Sea. Soon after the Last Glacial Maximum from around 20,000 years ago a rapid process of glacial retreat began throughout Europe, which was interrupted several times by abrupt cooling of the climate, which caused rapid, though limited, re-advance of the glaciers, until the beginning of the Holocene, 11,700 years ago when climate became relatively stable and warm. These successive glacial advances and retreats during the Last Deglaciation have shaped much of the European landscape, reflecting abrupt climatic fluctuations. The Last deglaciation is especially important for the landscape of Europe because the evidence is so well-preserved since it records the most recent evidence of the Pleistocene ice age. In recent decades, research on the origin and age of the resulting glacial landforms has greatly improved in many regions of Europe. In addition, the evolution of the climate is becoming better known through detailed analysis of lacustrine and marine sediments, and Greenland ice cores. As our knowledge on abrupt climate changes since the Last Glacial Maximum progresses, new uncertainties arise that are critical for understanding (i) the influence of atmospheric and oceanic currents on palaeoclimates and their spatial representation; (ii) the existence of asynchronies in the timing of occurrence of ice masses expansion and shrinkage; (iii) the time lags between oceanic and atmospheric changes, on one hand, and changes in precipitation and temperature patterns, on the other; (iv) the way in which climate changes disseminate through Europe and, consequently, the lag between climate changes and the expansion or contraction of glaciers; (v) the role of the large continental ice-sheets on the European climate, and particularly on the response of mountain glaciers, with special reference to the Mediterranean mountains. All these contributions are included in this book, in which the reader will find a complete review organized according to the main climatic periods of the so-called Termination 1 the important Late Pleistocene-Holocene transition. Provides a synthesis that highlights the main similarities or differences, through both space and time, during the Last Deglaciation of Europe Features research from experts in palaeo-climatology, palaeo-oceanography and palaeo-glaciology on the Last Deglaciation in Europe during Termination 1 and the important Late Pleistocene-Holocene transition Includes detailed color figures and maps, providing a comprehensive comparison of the glacial landscapes of European Pleistocene glaciers

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European Glacial Landscapes

European Glacial Landscapes
  • Author : David Palacios,Philip D. Hughes,Jose M. Garcia-Ruiz,Nuria de Andrés
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2022-09-26
  • ISBN : 9780323985116
GET THIS BOOKEuropean Glacial Landscapes

European Glacial Landscapes: The Role of Glaciers in Shaping the Landscape of Europe During the Last Deglaciation brings together relevant experts on the history of glaciers and their impact on the landscape of the main European regions. The European glaciers ended their maximum expansion of the Last Glacial Cycleapproximately 20,000 years ago, when ice-sheets covered all the Scandinavian countries, Finland, much of the British Isles, the shores of the Baltic Sea and Central-Europe until roughly the present Rhine River. The glaciers

European Glacial Landscapes

European Glacial Landscapes
  • Author : David Palacios,Philip D. Hughes,Jose M. Garcia-Ruiz,Nuria de Andrés
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2021-12-10
  • ISBN : 9780128234983
GET THIS BOOKEuropean Glacial Landscapes

European Glacial Landscapes: Maximum Extent of Glaciations brings together relevant experts on the history of glaciers and their impact on the landscape of the main regions of Europe. In some regions the largest recorded glaciations occurred before the Last Glacial Cycle, in one of the major glacial cycles of the Middle Pleistocene. However, the best-preserved evidence of glaciation in the landscape is from the Last Glacial Cycle (Late Pleistocene). The book also analyses these older glacial landforms that can sometimes

Iberia, Land of Glaciers

Iberia, Land of Glaciers
  • Author : Marc Oliva,David Palacios,José M. Fernández-Fernández
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2021-09-22
  • ISBN : 9780128219690
GET THIS BOOKIberia, Land of Glaciers

Iberia, Land of Glaciers: How The Mountains Were Shaped By Glaciers discusses the impact of past glaciers in the current landscape of Iberia. Currently, there are only small glaciers in the highest peaks of the Pyrenees that are the legacy of the last cold period that ended at the end of the 19th century: The Little Ice Age. However, an accurate observation of the landscape of the highest peaks and adjacent valleys of the Iberian Peninsula reveals a past shaped

Neanderthals and Modern Humans in the European Landscape During the Last Glaciation

Neanderthals and Modern Humans in the European Landscape During the Last Glaciation
  • Author : Leslie Aiello
  • Publisher : McDonald Inst of Archeological
  • Release Date : 2003
  • ISBN : UOM:39015060041392
GET THIS BOOKNeanderthals and Modern Humans in the European Landscape During the Last Glaciation

What role did Ice Age climate play in the demise of the Neanderthals, and why was it that modern humans alone survived? For the past seven years a team of international experts from a wide range of disciplines have worked together to provide a detailed study of the world occupied by the European Neanderthals between 60,000 and 25,000 years ago: the period known as Oxygen Isotope Stage 3. This collection of papers documents the extensive environmental research conducted by the Stage 3 Project. The

Submerged Landscapes of the European Continental Shelf

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  • Author : Nicholas C. Flemming,Jan Harff,Anthony Burgess,Geoffrey N. Bailey,Delminda Moura
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2017-08-07
  • ISBN : 9781118922132
GET THIS BOOKSubmerged Landscapes of the European Continental Shelf

"COST, European Cooperation in Science and Technology."

Glacier Evolution in a Changing World

Glacier Evolution in a Changing World
  • Author : Danilo Godone
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2017-10-04
  • ISBN : 9789535135432
GET THIS BOOKGlacier Evolution in a Changing World

Glaciers have always played an important role in human history, and currently, they are carefully observed as climate change sentinels. Glacier melt rate is increasing, and its mass balance is continuously negative. This issue deserves accurate and in-depth studies in order to, adequately, monitor its state. This circumstance in fact endangers the water supply, affecting human settlements but also creating new environments allowing the colonization by pioneer communities and the formation of new landscapes. This book is subdivided into two

European Landscapes in Transition

European Landscapes in Transition
  • Author : Teresa Pinto-Correia,Jørgen Primdahl,Bas Pedroli
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2018-01-31
  • ISBN : 9781107070691
GET THIS BOOKEuropean Landscapes in Transition

A presentation of the challenges of European rural landscape management, exploring alternatives that incorporate place-based approaches.

Landscapes and Landforms of Western Canada

Landscapes and Landforms of Western Canada
  • Author : Olav Slaymaker
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2016-12-01
  • ISBN : 9783319445953
GET THIS BOOKLandscapes and Landforms of Western Canada

This is the only book to focus on the geomorphological landscapes of Canada West. It outlines the little-appreciated diversity of Canada’s landscapes, and the nature of the geomorphological landscape, which deserves wider publicity. Three of the most important geomorphological facts related to Canada are that 90% of its total area emerged from ice-sheet cover relatively recently, from a geological perspective; permafrost underlies 50% of its landmass and the country enjoys the benefits of having three oceans as its borders: the Arctic,

Landscapes and Landforms of Switzerland

Landscapes and Landforms of Switzerland
  • Author : Emmanuel Reynard
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2020-07-09
  • ISBN : 9783030432034
GET THIS BOOKLandscapes and Landforms of Switzerland

This book provides a comprehensive overview of the Landscapes and Landforms of Switzerland. It covers the country’s geological and tectonic context, together with its climatic context, geomorphological history, structural and karstic landscapes, glacial and periglacial landscapes, landscapes with natural hazards, geomorphology and society, and the preservation of its geomorphological heritage. Richly illustrated, it presents case studies on some of the country’s most famous natural sites, including the Matterhorn, Aletsch Glacier, Sardona Tectonic Arena, and Engadine, among others.

Quaternary Glaciation in the Mediterranean Mountains

Quaternary Glaciation in the Mediterranean Mountains
  • Author : P.D. Hughes,J.C. Woodward
  • Publisher : Geological Society of London
  • Release Date : 2017-01-30
  • ISBN : 9781862397477
GET THIS BOOKQuaternary Glaciation in the Mediterranean Mountains

The mountains of the Mediterranean world are now largely ice free, but many were repeatedly glaciated during the Quaternary ice age. This created spectacular glaciated landscapes with a rich array of glacial deposits and landforms. The glacial and glacio-fluvial records are often very well preserved and our understanding of the timing of Quaternary glaciation has very recently been transformed through the application of dating methods utilizing uranium-series and cosmogenic isotopes. Glacial records from the Mediterranean now boast some of the

The Physical Geography of Western Europe

The Physical Geography of Western Europe
  • Author : Eduard A. Koster
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand
  • Release Date : 2005-05-19
  • ISBN : 9780199277759
GET THIS BOOKThe Physical Geography of Western Europe

A distinguished team of Western European scholars has written an advanced, full-length physical geography designed to be a state-of -the-art evaluation of the physical environment of Western Europe, being both retrospective and prospective in its perception of environmental change. The unique natural and regional environments of Western Europe are discussed, as well as the physical geographic framework of the region. Particular emphasis is placed on the impact and responses of human society on the physical environment of the region which

Trees, Forested Landscapes and Grazing Animals

Trees, Forested Landscapes and Grazing Animals
  • Author : Ian D. Rotherham
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2013-03-05
  • ISBN : 9781136242212
GET THIS BOOKTrees, Forested Landscapes and Grazing Animals

In this comprehensive book, the critical components of the European landscape – forest, parkland, and other grazed landscapes with trees are addressed. The book considers the history of grazed treed landscapes, of large grazing herbivores in Europe, and the implications of the past in shaping our environment today and in the future. Debates on the types of anciently grazed landscapes in Europe, and what they tell us about past and present ecology, have been especially topical and controversial recently. This treatment

The Ice Age

The Ice Age
  • Author : Jamie Woodward
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2014
  • ISBN : 9780199580699
GET THIS BOOKThe Ice Age

"In an era of warming climate, the study of the ice age past is now more important than ever. This book examines the wonders of the Quaternary ice age - to show how ice age landscapes and ecosystems were repeatedly and rapidly transformed as plants, animals, and humans reorganized their worlds." --Publisher.

Exploring and Optimizing Agricultural Landscapes

Exploring and Optimizing Agricultural Landscapes
  • Author : Lothar Mueller,Viktor G. Sychev,Nikolai M. Dronin,Frank Eulenstein
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-06-14
  • ISBN : 9783030674489
GET THIS BOOKExploring and Optimizing Agricultural Landscapes

The book informs about agricultural landscapes, their features, functions and regulatory mechanisms. It characterizes agricultural production systems, trends of their development, and their impacts on the landscape. Agricultural landscapes are multifunctional systems, coupled with all nexus problems of the 21th century. This has led to serious discrepancies between agriculture and environment, and between urban and rural population. The mission, key topics and methods of research in order to understanding, monitoring and controlling processes in rural landscapes is being explained. Studies

The Ice Age

The Ice Age
  • Author : Jürgen Ehlers,Dr. Philip Hughes,Professor Philip L. Gibbard
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2016-01-19
  • ISBN : 9781118507810
GET THIS BOOKThe Ice Age

This book provides a new look at the climatic history of the last 2.6 million years during the ice age, a time of extreme climatic fluctuations that have not yet ended. This period also coincides with important phases of human development from Neanderthals to modern humans, both of whom existed side by side during the last cold stage of the ice age. The ice age has seen dramatic expansions of glaciers and ice sheets, although this has been interspersed with relatively