Diet Immunity and Inflammation

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  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 30 September 2013
  • ISBN : 9780857095749
  • Page : 760 pages
  • Rating : 4.5/5 from 103 voters

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Although inflammation is one of the body’s first responses to infection, overactive immune responses can cause chronic inflammatory diseases. Long-term low-grade inflammation has also been identified as a risk factor for other diseases. Diet, immunity and inflammation provides a comprehensive introduction to immunity and inflammation and the role that diet and nutrition play with regard to this key bodily response. Part one, an introductory section, discusses innate and adaptive immunity, mucosal immunity in a healthy gut and chronic inflammatory diseases and low grade inflammation. Chapters in part two highlight the role of micronutrients, including zinc, selenium, iron, vitamin A and vitamin D, in inflammation and immunity. Part three explores other dietary constituents and includes chapters on intestinal bacteria and probiotics, the impacts of prebiotics on the immune system and inflammation, and antimicrobial, immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory effects of food bioactive proteins and peptides. Further chapters explore the role of olive oil, short and long chain fatty acids and arginine and glutamine in immune functions. Nutrition, immunity and inflammation are discussed from an integrative and life course perspective in part four. Chapters focus on adverse immune reactions to foods, early nutritional programming, the impact of nutrition on the immune system during ageing, the impact of exercise on immunity and the interaction with nutrition, and the effect that malnutrition has on immunity and susceptibility to infection. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Diet, immunity and inflammation is a comprehensive resource for those researching immunology or inflammation, nutrition scientists, and professionals in the food and nutrition industries who require an understanding of the effect that diet can have on the immune system and inflammation. Provides an overview of key research in the important and connected areas of inflammation, infection, overactive immune responses, diseases and diet Outlines the fundamentals of immunity and inflammation and reviews the effects of different food constituents Discusses important related issues, such as ageing and exercise

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Diet, Immunity and Inflammation

Diet, Immunity and Inflammation
  • Author : Philip C Calder,Parveen Yaqoob
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2013-09-30
  • ISBN : 9780857095749
GET THIS BOOKDiet, Immunity and Inflammation

Although inflammation is one of the body’s first responses to infection, overactive immune responses can cause chronic inflammatory diseases. Long-term low-grade inflammation has also been identified as a risk factor for other diseases. Diet, immunity and inflammation provides a comprehensive introduction to immunity and inflammation and the role that diet and nutrition play with regard to this key bodily response. Part one, an introductory section, discusses innate and adaptive immunity, mucosal immunity in a healthy gut and chronic inflammatory

Diet and Immune Function

Diet and Immune Function
  • Author : Elizabeth A Miles,Philip Calder,Caroline E Childs
  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release Date : 2020-05-22
  • ISBN : 9783039216123
GET THIS BOOKDiet and Immune Function

Supporting initiation, development and resolution of appropriate immune responses is key to survival. Many nutrients and dietary components have been purported to have a role in supporting optimal immune function. This is vital throughout the life course, from the development and programming of the immune system in early life, to supporting immunity and reducing chronic inflammation in older people. In this special issue of Nutrients, we examine the evidence for the role of diet and dietary components in promoting protective

Nutrition and Immunity

Nutrition and Immunity
  • Author : Maryam Mahmoudi,Nima Rezaei
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2019-07-30
  • ISBN : 9783030160739
GET THIS BOOKNutrition and Immunity

This volume provides readers with a systematic assessment of current literature on the link between nutrition and immunity. Chapters cover immunonutrition topics such as child development, cancer, aging, allergic asthma, food intolerance, obesity, and chronic critical illness. It also presents a thorough review of microflora of the gut and the essential role it plays in regulating the balance between immune tolerance and inflammation. Written by experts in the field, Nutrition and Immunity helps readers to further understand the importance of

Immunity and Inflammation in Health and Disease

Immunity and Inflammation in Health and Disease
  • Author : Shampa Chatterjee,Debasis Bagchi,Wolfgang Jungraithmayr
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2017-08-01
  • ISBN : 0128054174
GET THIS BOOKImmunity and Inflammation in Health and Disease

Immunity and Inflammation in Health and Disease: Emerging Roles of Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods in Immune Support provides a comprehensive description of the various pathways by which our immune system works, the signals that trigger immune response and how foods can be used to contain inflammation and boost immunity. This book addresses the role of dietary nutrients in playing a balancing role between host defense and immune support, focusing on new and novel nutraceuticals and functional foods. The first three

Antioxidants in Sport Nutrition

Antioxidants in Sport Nutrition
  • Author : Manfred Lamprecht
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2014-09-17
  • ISBN : 9781466567573
GET THIS BOOKAntioxidants in Sport Nutrition

The use of antioxidants in sports is controversial due to existing evidence that they both support and hinder athletic performance. Antioxidants in Sport Nutrition covers antioxidant use in the athlete ́s basic nutrition and discusses the controversies surrounding the usefulness of antioxidant supplementation. The book also stresses how antioxidants may affect immunity, health, and exercise performance. The book contains scientifically based chapters explaining the basic mechanisms of exercise-induced oxidative damage. Also covered are methodological approaches to assess the effectiveness of

Immunonutrition

Immunonutrition
  • Author : Bharat B. Aggarwal,David Heber
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2014-03-17
  • ISBN : 9781466503861
GET THIS BOOKImmunonutrition

The interaction of immune function and nutrition underlies the low-grade chronic inflammation involved in the etiology of many common obesity-associated and age-related chronic disease conditions. This close interaction is the genesis of the term immunonutrition, which represents a new interdisciplinary field of nutritional and medical research. Immunonutrition: Interactions of Diet, Genetics, and Inflammation introduces the breadth of this field, which implicates nutrition in both immune function and in the etiology, prevention, and treatment of common diseases influenced by inflammation and

Diet, immunity and inflammation

Diet, immunity and inflammation
  • Author : Z. Huang,P.R. China,P.R. Hoffmann
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-09-30
  • ISBN : 9780128086988
GET THIS BOOKDiet, immunity and inflammation

Selenium (Se) is an essential micronutrient that is important for various aspects of human health, including optimal immune responses. This chapter summarizes evidence to date regarding the effects of dietary Se on allergies and asthma, aging immunity, clinical sepsis, immunity against various pathogens and other types of inflammation and immune responses. Also presented is information pertaining to mechanisms by which Se influences inflammation and immunity, including roles for individual selenoproteins.

Nutrition, Immunity, and Infection

Nutrition, Immunity, and Infection
  • Author : Philip C. Calder,Anil D. Kulkarni
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2017-10-10
  • ISBN : 9781482253986
GET THIS BOOKNutrition, Immunity, and Infection

Both nutrition deficiency and overnutrition can have a significant effect on the risk of infection. Nutrition, Immunity, and Infection focuses on the influence of diet on the immune system and how altering one’s diet helps prevent and treat infections and chronic diseases. This book reviews basic immunology and discusses changes in immune function throughout the life course. It features comprehensive chapters on obesity and the role of immune cells in adipose tissue; undernutrition and malnutrition; infant immune maturation; pre-

Diet, immunity and inflammation

Diet, immunity and inflammation
  • Author : R. Rueda
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-09-30
  • ISBN : 9780128087053
GET THIS BOOKDiet, immunity and inflammation

Gangliosides are negatively charged glycosphingolipids widely distributed in most vertebrate tissues and fluids. Human milk gangliosides might modulate physiological processes that take place in the early development of infants. This chapter describes the role of gangliosides as regulators of cell membrane organization and function, and in cell-cell recognition during normal differentiation or tissue targeting. As major components of membrane raft domains, dietary gangliosides may potentially influence a wide range of biological processes, including immune function, inflammation, neuronal signaling, entry of

Diet, immunity and inflammation

Diet, immunity and inflammation
  • Author : B. Watzl
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-09-30
  • ISBN : 9780128087060
GET THIS BOOKDiet, immunity and inflammation

In addition to nutrients affecting chronic low-grade inflammation, dietary patterns and specific foods significantly modulate inflammatory processes. This chapter focuses on plant foods including whole grain, vegetables and fruits, soy, nuts, coffee and tea. It summarizes current information from human observational as well as human intervention studies and discusses relevant bioactive compounds such as dietary fibre and phytochemicals.

Diet, immunity and inflammation

Diet, immunity and inflammation
  • Author : F. Guarner
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-09-30
  • ISBN : 9780128087039
GET THIS BOOKDiet, immunity and inflammation

The human gut is the natural habitat for a diverse and dynamic microbial ecosystem having an important impact on health and disease. Unabsorbed portions of food are a major nutritional source for these microbial communities. Prebiotics are non-digestible food ingredients that are selectively fermented in the gut resulting in specific changes in the composition or activity of the gastrointestinal microbiota, thus conferring benefits upon host health. Inulin-type fructans and galacto-oligosaccharides are the most extensively studied prebiotics. They are fermented in

Diet, immunity and inflammation

Diet, immunity and inflammation
  • Author : M. Gleeson
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-09-30
  • ISBN : 9780128087183
GET THIS BOOKDiet, immunity and inflammation

The chapter begins by discussing the impact of intensive exercise training on immune function and susceptibility to infection in athletes. It then reviews the evidence that diet and nutritional supplements can modify immune responses to exercise and reduce infection incidence, symptom severity or duration in endurance athletes.

Diet, immunity and inflammation

Diet, immunity and inflammation
  • Author : P.C. Calder
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-09-30
  • ISBN : 9780128087107
GET THIS BOOKDiet, immunity and inflammation

This chapter discusses the influence of dietary long-chain fatty acids on aspects of inflammation including markers of the inflammatory process and functional responses of inflammatory cells. It discusses the underlying mechanisms by which fatty acids can act and places the observations made in the context of treatment of chronic inflammatory diseases.

Diet, immunity and inflammation

Diet, immunity and inflammation
  • Author : A.C. Ross,K.H. Restori
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-09-30
  • ISBN : 9780128087008
GET THIS BOOKDiet, immunity and inflammation

Vitamin A is required in the diet of all vertebrates, and is metabolized intracellularly to retinoic acid (RA), which is well known as a regulator of cell proliferation and differentiation. RA activates nuclear retinoid receptors and regulates a wide variety of genes. This chapter first discusses vitamin A nutrition and metabolism, and then how inflammation affects the metabolism of vitamin A compounds. Clinically, RA and several analogs are used in the treatment of skin disorders. Vitamin A deficiency is a

Diet, immunity and inflammation

Diet, immunity and inflammation
  • Author : P. Brandtzaeg
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-09-30
  • ISBN : 9780128086940
GET THIS BOOKDiet, immunity and inflammation

The intestinal immune system has generated two arms of adaptive anti-inflammatory defense which normally preserve the epithelial barrier: (i) immune exclusion performed by secretory IgA (SIgA) (and SIgM) antibodies to control surface colonization of micro-organisms and dampen penetration of potentially harmful antigens; and (ii) suppressive mechanisms to avoid hypersensitivity to innocuous antigens, particularly food proteins and the commensal microbiota. The latter phenomenon (‘oral tolerance’) largely depends on regulatory T (Treg) cells induced in mesenteric lymph nodes to which mucosal dendritic