Development of Biodiesel Resistant Nitrile Rubber Compositions

Book Development of Biodiesel Resistant Nitrile Rubber Compositions Cover

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  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release : 01 December 2016
  • ISBN : 1569906742
  • Page : 136 pages
  • Rating : 4.5/5 from 103 voters

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Biodiesel is an excellent potential replacement for petroleum diesel fuels because of its comparable physical properties in addition to its improved environmental benefits, such as low pollutant gas emissions, nontoxicity, renewability, and biodegradability. However, biodiesel and petroleum diesel differ greatly with respect to their chemical properties. Therefore, the compatibility of the materials that are commonly employed in contact with diesel must also be assured for biodiesel that has been obtained from different sources. Although nitrile rubber (NBR) has previously not been recommended for biodiesel applications, up to now no effort has been made to better understand the interaction between nitrile rubber and biodiesel or to propose improvements to the production of NBR articles. This book evaluates the resistance of different types of NBR and NBR formulations to biodiesel. It is shown how increasing acrylonitrile content and carboxylation increase the rubber resistance to biodiesel, and a new method employing accelerators to prepare novel biodiesel-resistant formulations is described. The choice of accelerator has a significant effect on the biodiesel resistance, and compositions prepared from an efficient vulcanization system are shown to be most resistant to chemical degradation. The effects on physical properties such as tensile strength, hardness, and elongation at break are also analyzed and evaluated. The potential for these materials to be used in applications in which they will be in contact with biodiesel is thus demonstrated.

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Development of Biodiesel-Resistant Nitrile Rubber Compositions

Development of Biodiesel-Resistant Nitrile Rubber Compositions
  • Author : Felipe N. Linhares
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2016-12
  • ISBN : 1569906742
GET THIS BOOKDevelopment of Biodiesel-Resistant Nitrile Rubber Compositions

Biodiesel is an excellent potential replacement for petroleum diesel fuels because of its comparable physical properties in addition to its improved environmental benefits, such as low pollutant gas emissions, nontoxicity, renewability, and biodegradability. However, biodiesel and petroleum diesel differ greatly with respect to their chemical properties. Therefore, the compatibility of the materials that are commonly employed in contact with diesel must also be assured for biodiesel that has been obtained from different sources. Although nitrile rubber (NBR) has previously not

Frontiers in Bioenergy and Biofuels

Frontiers in Bioenergy and Biofuels
  • Author : Eduardo Jacob-Lopes,Leila Queiroz Zepka
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2017-01-25
  • ISBN : 9789535128915
GET THIS BOOKFrontiers in Bioenergy and Biofuels

Frontiers in Bioenergy and Biofuels presents an authoritative and comprehensive overview of the possibilities for production and use of bioenergy, biofuels, and coproducts. Issues related to environment, food, and energy present serious challenges to the success and stability of nations. The challenge to provide energy to a rapidly increasing global population has made it imperative to find new technological routes to increase production of energy while also considering the biosphere's ability to regenerate resources. The bioenergy and biofuels are resources

Oleochemical Manufacture and Applications

Oleochemical Manufacture and Applications
  • Author : F. D. Gunstone,Richard John Hamilton
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2001
  • ISBN : 0849397855
GET THIS BOOKOleochemical Manufacture and Applications

Oleochemical Manufacture and Applications presents an overview of oleochemicals at the research and professional levels, with an emphasis on industrial production and applications. Approximately half of the chapters consider general matters, while the other half deal with applications. Authors are drawn from industrial and academic laboratories around the world. The book is an invaluable reference for chemists and technologists working on the production and use of oleochemicals, analytical chemists, quality assurance personnel, and lipid chemists in academic research laboratories.

Carraher's Polymer Chemistry, Eighth Edition

Carraher's Polymer Chemistry, Eighth Edition
  • Author : Charles E. Carraher Jr.
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2010-10-13
  • ISBN : 9781439809563
GET THIS BOOKCarraher's Polymer Chemistry, Eighth Edition

Updated to reflect a growing focus on green chemistry in the scientific community and in compliance with the American Chemical Society’s Committee on Professional Training guidelines, Carraher’s Polymer Chemistry, Eighth Edition integrates the core areas that contribute to the growth of polymer science. It supplies the basic understanding of polymers essential to the training of science, biomedical, and engineering students. New in the Eighth Edition: Updating of analytical, physical, and special characterization techniques Increased emphasis on carbon nanotubes,

Mixing of Rubber Compounds

Mixing of Rubber Compounds
  • Author : Andreas Limper
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2012
  • ISBN : 3446417435
GET THIS BOOKMixing of Rubber Compounds

Synthetics, Mineral Oils, and Bio-Based Lubricants

Synthetics, Mineral Oils, and Bio-Based Lubricants
  • Author : Leslie R. Rudnick
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2005-12-22
  • ISBN : 9781420027181
GET THIS BOOKSynthetics, Mineral Oils, and Bio-Based Lubricants

As the field of tribology has evolved, the lubrication industry is also progressing at an extraordinary rate. Updating the author's bestselling publication, Synthetic Lubricants and High-Performance Functional Fluids, this book features the contributions of over 60 specialists, ten new chapters, and a new title to reflect the evolving nature of the

Handbook of Biofuels Production

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  • Author : Rafael Luque,Carol Sze Ki Lin,Karen Wilson,James Clark
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2016-05-19
  • ISBN : 9780081004562
GET THIS BOOKHandbook of Biofuels Production

Handbook of Biofuels Production, Second Edition, discusses advanced chemical, biochemical, and thermochemical biofuels production routes that are fast being developed to address the global increase in energy usage. Research and development in this field is aimed at improving the quality and environmental impact of biofuels production, as well as the overall efficiency and output of biofuels production plants. The book provides a comprehensive and systematic reference on the range of biomass conversion processes and technology. Key changes for this second

Oil and Gas Production Handbook: An Introduction to Oil and Gas Production

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  • Author : Havard Devold
  • Publisher : Lulu.com
  • Release Date : 2013
  • ISBN : 9781105538643
GET THIS BOOKOil and Gas Production Handbook: An Introduction to Oil and Gas Production

Rheology of Polymeric Systems

Rheology of Polymeric Systems
  • Author : Pierre J. Carreau,Daniel C.R. De Kee,Raj P. Chhabra
  • Publisher : Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG
  • Release Date : 2021-09-06
  • ISBN : 9781569907238
GET THIS BOOKRheology of Polymeric Systems

Rheology is applied extensively in polymer, chemical, food processing, and related industries. This book combines the basic concepts and applications by presenting a balanced overview of the principles. With simplified analysis of complex problems, the textbook format provides easy understanding for both students and practicing professionals. There is no competing book with such a wide scope, including unique topics such as diffusion, flows about particles, and liquid mixing. This second edition is abundantly updated throughout. Highlights include elongational flow measurements,

Biodiesel Handling and Use Guidelines (3rd Ed. )

Biodiesel Handling and Use Guidelines (3rd Ed. )
  • Author : K. S. Tyson
  • Publisher : DIANE Publishing
  • Release Date : 2009-05
  • ISBN : 9781437911091
GET THIS BOOKBiodiesel Handling and Use Guidelines (3rd Ed. )

A guide for those who blend, distribute, and use biodiesel and biodiesel blends. Will help fleets and individual users, blenders, distributors, and those involved in related activities understand procedures for handling and using biodiesel fuels. Biodiesel is a renewable fuel manufactured from vegetable oils, animal fats, and recycled cooking oils. It offers many advantages: It is renewable; It is energy efficient; It displaces petroleum derived diesel fuel; It can be used in most diesel equipment with no or only minor

Biofuels for Transport

Biofuels for Transport
  • Author : Agence internationale de l'énergie,International Energy Agency
  • Publisher : OECD
  • Release Date : 2004
  • ISBN : UOM:39015060548024
GET THIS BOOKBiofuels for Transport

In the absence of strong government policies, the IEA projects that the worldwide use of oil in transport will nearly double between 2000 and 2030, leading to a similar increase in greenhouse gas emissions. Bio fuels, such as ethanol, bio diese

Raw Materials Supply Chain for Rubber Products

Raw Materials Supply Chain for Rubber Products
  • Author : John S. Dick,Charles P. Rader
  • Publisher : Hanser Pub Incorporated
  • Release Date : 2014-06-30
  • ISBN : 1569905371
GET THIS BOOKRaw Materials Supply Chain for Rubber Products

The rubber industry is a vital part of the world economy. In this age of constantly changing economics and raw material "shortages of the week," this book should help the reader understand the overall technical and economic problems that are emerging which are beginning to affect the overall availability of many raw materials, chemical intermediates and final rubber products on the world scene. This book is truly unique in that it is the only one that traces all the important

Troubleshooting Rubber Problems

Troubleshooting Rubber Problems
  • Author : John Sommer
  • Publisher : Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG
  • Release Date : 2014-01-16
  • ISBN : 9781569905548
GET THIS BOOKTroubleshooting Rubber Problems

Many challenges confront the rubber technologist in the development, manufacture, and use of rubber products. These challenges include selecting and combining materials to form rubber compounds suitable for processing, successfully operating a range of manufacturing equipment, and meeting product performance in difficult and diverse environments. Case studies and literature references relate problem solutions to the everyday experience of the rubber technologist. From materials to processes to products, this book identifies many different rubber-related problems and suggests approaches to solve them.

Science and Technology of Rubber

Science and Technology of Rubber
  • Author : James E. Mark,Burak Erman
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2011-07-28
  • ISBN : 0080456014
GET THIS BOOKScience and Technology of Rubber

The 3rd edition of The Science and Technology of Rubber provides a broad survey of elastomers with special emphasis on materials with a rubber-like elasticity. As in the 2nd edition, the emphasis remains on a unified treatment of the material; exploring topics from the chemical aspects such as elastomer synthesis and curing, through recent theoretical developments and characterization of equilibrium and dynamic properties, to the final applications of rubber, including tire engineering and manufacturing. Many advances have been made in

Elastomers and Rubber Compounding Materials

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  • Author : I Franta
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2012-12-02
  • ISBN : 9780444601186
GET THIS BOOKElastomers and Rubber Compounding Materials

Elastomers and Rubber Compounding Materials reviews the properties of elastomers and particular groups of ingredients and chemicals mixed into the basic elastomer to form a rubber compound. After introducing the history of rubber industry and the general properties of rubber, the book discusses the properties, classification, concentration, stabilization, modification, application, transport, and storage of latex. It presents as well the methods of production, composition, physical properties, and chemical reactions of dry rubber. The book then focuses on the production and