Cognitive Sophistication and the Development of Judgment and Decision Making

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  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 05 November 2021
  • ISBN : 9780128166451
  • Page : 298 pages
  • Rating : 4.5/5 from 103 voters

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Cognitive Sophistication and the Development of Judgment and Decision-Making reviews the existing literature on the development of reasoning, judgment and decision-making, with a primary focus on measures from the heuristics and biases tradition. The book presents a model based on cognitive sophistication to examine the development of judgment and decision-making, including age related differences in developmental samples, associations with intellectual abilities and executive functions, and associations with dispositional tendencies that support judgment and decision-making. Additional sections cover the empirical findings of a longitudinal study conducted over seven years that tie together the discussed aspects related to cognitive sophistication. This book will provide a much-needed description of the theoretical and conceptual issues, a review of empirical findings, and an integrative summary of the implications for developmental models of reasoning, judgment and decision-making. Explores whether individual heuristics and biases are associated Reviews individual differences in cognitive abilities and thinking dispositions Examines reasoning from the lens of cognitive sophistication Discusses the implications for models, including dual process models Tests and elaborates using empirical findings from a longitudinal study

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Cognitive Sophistication and the Development of Judgment and Decision-Making

Cognitive Sophistication and the Development of Judgment and Decision-Making
  • Author : Maggie E. Toplak
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2021-11-05
  • ISBN : 9780128166451
GET THIS BOOKCognitive Sophistication and the Development of Judgment and Decision-Making

Cognitive Sophistication and the Development of Judgment and Decision-Making reviews the existing literature on the development of reasoning, judgment and decision-making, with a primary focus on measures from the heuristics and biases tradition. The book presents a model based on cognitive sophistication to examine the development of judgment and decision-making, including age related differences in developmental samples, associations with intellectual abilities and executive functions, and associations with dispositional tendencies that support judgment and decision-making. Additional sections cover the empirical findings

The Development of Judgment and Decision Making in Children and Adolescents

The Development of Judgment and Decision Making in Children and Adolescents
  • Author : Janis E. Jacobs,Paul A. Klaczynski
  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release Date : 2006-04-21
  • ISBN : 9781135633516
GET THIS BOOKThe Development of Judgment and Decision Making in Children and Adolescents

In recent years, newspaper articles, television specials, and other media events have focused on the numerous hard decisions faced by today's youth, often pointing to teen pregnancy, drug use, and delinquency as evidence of faulty judgment. Over the past 10 years, many groups - including parents, educators, policymakers, and researchers - have become concerned about the decision-making abilities of children and adolescents, asking why they make risky choices, how they can be taught to be better decision makers, and what types

Neuroeconomics, Judgment, and Decision Making

Neuroeconomics, Judgment, and Decision Making
  • Author : Evan A. Wilhelms,Valerie F. Reyna
  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release Date : 2014-07-11
  • ISBN : 9781317652731
GET THIS BOOKNeuroeconomics, Judgment, and Decision Making

This volume explores how and why people make judgments and decisions that have economic consequences, and what the implications are for human well-being. It provides an integrated review of the latest research from many different disciplines, including social, cognitive, and developmental psychology; neuroscience and neurobiology; and economics and business. The book has six areas of focus: historical foundations; cognitive consistency and inconsistency; heuristics and biases; neuroeconomics and neurobiology; developmental and individual differences; and improving decisions. Throughout, the contributors draw out

Individual Differences in Judgement and Decision-Making

Individual Differences in Judgement and Decision-Making
  • Author : Maggie E. Toplak,Joshua Weller
  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release Date : 2016-11-25
  • ISBN : 9781317265313
GET THIS BOOKIndividual Differences in Judgement and Decision-Making

Children face an overwhelming amount of information and a range of different choices every day, and so there has never been a more important time to understand how children learn to make judgments and decisions in our modern world. Individual Differences in Judgment and Decision-Making presents cutting-edge developmental research to advance our knowledge and understanding of how these competencies emerge. Focusing on the role of individual differences, the text provides a complementary theoretical approach to understanding the development of judgment

The Developmental Psychology of Reasoning and Decision-Making

The Developmental Psychology of Reasoning and Decision-Making
  • Author : Henry Markovits
  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release Date : 2013-11-26
  • ISBN : 9781317931065
GET THIS BOOKThe Developmental Psychology of Reasoning and Decision-Making

Logical thinking is a critically important cognitive skill. It is not just essential for mathematical and scientific understanding, it is also of prime importance when trying to navigate our complex and increasingly sophisticated world. Written by world class researchers in the field, The Developmental Psychology of Reasoning and Decision-Making describes the ways that children learn to reason, and how reasoning can be used to overcome the influence of beliefs and intuitions. The chapters in this edited collection focus on the

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  • Publisher : St. Martin's Press
  • Release Date : 2021-07-27
  • ISBN : 9781250271631
GET THIS BOOKThe Life-Changing Science of Detecting Bullshit

Expanding upon his viral TEDx Talk, psychology professor and social scientist John V. Petrocelli reveals the critical thinking habits you can develop to recognize and combat pervasive false information that harms society in The Life-Changing Science of Detecting Bullshit. Bullshit is the foundation of contaminated thinking and bad decisions leading to health consequences, financial losses, legal consequences, broken relationships, and wasted time and resources. No matter how smart we believe ourselves to be, we’re all susceptible to bullshit—and

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  • Author : Robert J. Sternberg
  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release Date : 2018-10-23
  • ISBN : 9783038972624
GET THIS BOOKThe Emerging Role of Intelligence in the World of the Future

(This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "If Intelligence Is Truly Important to Real-World Adaptation, and IQs Have Risen 30+ Points in the Past Century (Flynn Effect), then Why Are There So Many Unresolved and Dramatic Problems in the World, and What Can Be Done About It?'' that was published in J. Intell.)

Human Factors Interventions for the Health Care of Older Adults

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  • Author : Wendy A. Rogers,Arthur D. Fisk
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2001-08-01
  • ISBN : 9781410603944
GET THIS BOOKHuman Factors Interventions for the Health Care of Older Adults

Written by experts in the field, this book explores the relevance and contributions of the field of human factors to health care. It begins with overviews of the field of human factors and the primary research methodologies of that field and goes on to review the cognitive issues that must be considered in the context of the health care environment and the potential for exercises to improve such cognitive functions. The remaining chapters cover a range of cutting-edge topics including:

Judgment and Decision Making Under Uncertainty: Descriptive, Normative, and Prescriptive Perspectives

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  • Author : David R. Mandel,Gorka Navarrete,Nathan Dieckmann,Jonathan D. Nelson
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release Date : 2019-09-26
  • ISBN : 9782889630349
GET THIS BOOKJudgment and Decision Making Under Uncertainty: Descriptive, Normative, and Prescriptive Perspectives

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  • Author : Tracy B. Henley,Matt J. Rossano,Edward P. Kardas
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2019-07-24
  • ISBN : 9780429950025
GET THIS BOOKHandbook of Cognitive Archaeology

The remains that archaeologists uncover reveal ancient minds at work as much as ancient hands, and for decades many have sought a better way of understanding those minds. This understanding is at the forefront of cognitive archaeology, a discipline that believes that a greater application of psychological theory to archaeology will further our understanding of the evolution of the human mind. Bringing together a diverse range of experts including archaeologists, psychologists, anthropologists, biologists, psychiatrists, neuroscientists, historians, and philosophers, in one

National Security Through a Cockeyed Lens

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  • Publisher : JHU Press
  • Release Date : 2013-12
  • ISBN : 9781421411255
GET THIS BOOKNational Security Through a Cockeyed Lens

"What are key mental errors that can undermine good decision making? Drawing on four decades of psychological, historical, and political science research on cognitive biases, this book illuminates key pitfalls in how we and our leaders make decisions. Itshows in five case studies of American foreign and energy policy that such errors--a dozen different cognitive biases--have been more important in shaping and impacting U.S. national interests than we currently understand. In so doing, it also sheds light on U.

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  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2017-11-09
  • ISBN : 9781351791366
GET THIS BOOKDual Process Theory 2.0

Dual Process Theory 2.0 provides a comprehensive overview of the new directions in which dual process research is heading. Human thinking is often characterized as an interplay between intuition and deliberation and this two-headed, dual process view of human thinking has been very influential in the cognitive sciences and popular media. However, despite the popularity of the dual process framework it faces multiple challenges. Recent advances indicate that there is a strong need to re-think some of the fundamental assumptions of

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  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2019-01-21
  • ISBN : 9781351803571
GET THIS BOOKYoung Children’s Civic Mindedness

Young Children’s Civic Mindedness provides a well-grounded understanding of children’s civic thought and action by inviting readers to look and listen carefully to the voices of young children themselves. Grounded in research on children’s evolving civic identities and drawn from extended case studies and rich narrative vignettes, this book shows the many ways even the youngest children can be civic-minded and political. The book engages readers in thinking about the many ways children reason about and approach

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  • Release Date : 2019-03-12
  • ISBN : 9780262537049
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Case studies, personal accounts, and analysis show how to recognize and combat pseudoscience in a post-truth world. In a post-truth, fake news world, we are particularly susceptible to the claims of pseudoscience. When emotions and opinions are more widely disseminated than scientific findings, and self-proclaimed experts get their expertise from Google, how can the average person distinguish real science from fake? This book examines pseudoscience from a variety of perspectives, through case studies, analysis, and personal accounts that show how

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The field of thinking has undergone a revolution in recent years, opening itself up to new perspectives and applications. The traditional focus on laboratory-based thinking has transformed as theoretical work is now being applied to new contexts and real-world issues. This volume presents a state-of-the-art survey of human thinking in everyday life, based around, and in tribute to, one of the field’s most eminent figures: Ken Manktelow. In this collection of cutting-edge research, Manktelow’s collaborators and colleagues review