Axons and Brain Architecture

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  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 21 November 2015
  • ISBN : 9780128016824
  • Page : 426 pages
  • Rating : 4.5/5 from 103 voters

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Several excellent monographs exist which deal with axons. These, however, focus either on the cellular and molecular biology of axons proper or on network organization of connections, the latter with only an incidental or abstract reference to axons per se. Still relatively neglected, however, is the middle ground of terminations and trajectories of single axons in the mammalian central nervous system. This middle level of connectivity, between networks on the one hand and local, in vitro investigations on the other, is to some extent represented by retrograde tracer studies and labeled neurons, but there have so far been many fewer of the complementary anterograde studies, with total visualization of the axonal arborization. The present volume brings together in one source an interrelated treatment of single axons from the perspective of microcircuitry and as substrates of larger scale organization (tractography). Especially for the former area - axons in microcircuitry - an abundance of published data exists, but these are typically in specialty journals that are not often accessed by the broader community. By highlighting and unifying the span from microcircuitry to tractography, the proposed volume serves as a convenient reference source and in addition inspires further interactions between what currently tend to be separate communities. The volume also redresses the imbalance between in vitro/local connectivity and long-distance connections. Focusing on mammalian systems, Part 1 of this book is devoted to anatomical investigations of connections at the single axon level, drawing on modern techniques and classical methods from the 1990s. A particular emphasis is on broad coverage of cortical and subcortical connections from different species, so that common patterns of divergence, convergence, and collateralization can be easily appreciated. Part 2 addresses mechanisms of axon guidance, as these seem particularly relevant to pathways and branching patterns. Part 3 covers axon dynamics and functional aspects; and Part 4 focuses on tractography, notably including comparisons between histological substrates and imaging. A novel innovative reference on the axon as a connectional unit, encompassing microcircuitry, axon guidance, and function Featuring chapters from leading researchers in the field Full-colour text that includes both an overview of axon function and the multiple underlying molecular mechanisms The only volume to bring together the configuration of individual axons at a circuit level and to relate the histological geometry of axons and axon bundles to in vivo tractography imaging studies

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Axons and Brain Architecture

Axons and Brain Architecture
  • Author : Kathleen Rockland
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2015-11-21
  • ISBN : 9780128016824
GET THIS BOOKAxons and Brain Architecture

Several excellent monographs exist which deal with axons. These, however, focus either on the cellular and molecular biology of axons proper or on network organization of connections, the latter with only an incidental or abstract reference to axons per se. Still relatively neglected, however, is the middle ground of terminations and trajectories of single axons in the mammalian central nervous system. This middle level of connectivity, between networks on the one hand and local, in vitro investigations on the other,

Axons and Brain Architecture

Axons and Brain Architecture
  • Author : Kathleen Rockland
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2015-12-11
  • ISBN : 0128013931
GET THIS BOOKAxons and Brain Architecture

Several excellent monographs exist which deal with axons. These, however, focus either on the cellular and molecular biology of axons proper or on network organization of connections, the latter with only an incidental or abstract reference to axons per se. Still relatively neglected, however, is the middle ground of terminations and trajectories of single axons in the mammalian central nervous system. This middle level of connectivity, between networks on the one hand and local, in vitro investigations on the other,

Discovering the Brain

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  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 1992-01-01
  • ISBN : 9780309045292
GET THIS BOOKDiscovering the Brain

The brain ... There is no other part of the human anatomy that is so intriguing. How does it develop and function and why does it sometimes, tragically, degenerate? The answers are complex. In Discovering the Brain, science writer Sandra Ackerman cuts through the complexity to bring this vital topic to the public. The 1990s were declared the "Decade of the Brain" by former President Bush, and the neuroscience community responded with a host of new investigations and conferences. Discovering the

From Neurons to Neighborhoods

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  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2000-11-13
  • ISBN : 9780309069885
GET THIS BOOKFrom Neurons to Neighborhoods

How we raise young children is one of today's most highly personalized and sharply politicized issues, in part because each of us can claim some level of "expertise." The debate has intensified as discoveries about our development-in the womb and in the first months and years-have reached the popular media. How can we use our burgeoning knowledge to assure the well-being of all young children, for their own sake as well as for the sake of our nation? Drawing from

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  • Publisher : Columbia University Press
  • Release Date : 2021-05-04
  • ISBN : 9780231551618
GET THIS BOOKAn Internet in Your Head

Whether we realize it or not, we think of our brains as computers. In neuroscience, the metaphor of the brain as a computer has defined the field for much of the modern era. But as neuroscientists increasingly reevaluate their assumptions about how brains work, we need a new metaphor to help us ask better questions. The computational neuroscientist Daniel Graham offers an innovative paradigm for understanding the brain. He argues that the brain is not like a single computer—it

Brain Architecture

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  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2012
  • ISBN : 9780195378580
GET THIS BOOKBrain Architecture

Now in its second edition, Brain Architecture is the continued exploration of how the brain works. At the very core of our existence, the brain generates our thoughts and feelings, directs our voluntary interactions with the environment, and coordinates all of the vital functions within the body itself. This long-overdue new edition explains this oftentimes daunting intricacy and exquisite detail. The first half of the book discusses the basic parts and how they work, presenting an overview of the nervous

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  • Author : Hans J. ten Donkelaar
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2020-06-18
  • ISBN : 9783030418786
GET THIS BOOKClinical Neuroanatomy

Connections define the functions of neurons: information flows along connections, as well as growth factors and viruses, and even neuronal death can progress through connections. Accordingly, knowing how the various parts of the brain are interconnected to form functional systems is a prerequisite for properly understanding data from all fields in the neurosciences. Clinical Neuroanatomy: Brain Circuitry and Its Disorders bridges the gap between neuroanatomy and clinical neurology. It focuses on human and primate data in the context of brain

Structure and Evolution of Invertebrate Nervous Systems

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  • Author : Andreas Schmidt-Rhaesa,Steffen Harzsch,Günter Purschke
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2015-12-17
  • ISBN : 9780191066214
GET THIS BOOKStructure and Evolution of Invertebrate Nervous Systems

The nervous system is particularly fascinating for many biologists because it controls animal characteristics such as movement, behavior, and coordinated thinking. Invertebrate neurobiology has traditionally been studied in specific model organisms, whilst knowledge of the broad diversity of nervous system architecture and its evolution among metazoan animals has received less attention. This is the first major reference work in the field for 50 years, bringing together many leading evolutionary neurobiologists to review the most recent research on the structure of invertebrate

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  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2019-11-23
  • ISBN : 9789813296367
GET THIS BOOKMyelin

This book presents the latest exciting advances in understanding of the structure and function of myelin in the central and peripheral nervous systems under normal and pathological conditions. Readers will find state of the art information from the perspectives of both basic neuroscience and clinical neurology and neuropathology. Detailed attention is paid to the findings and implications of recent research on the myelin-forming glial cells such as oligodendrocytes and Schwann cells. The discussion of myelin pathology encompasses a wide range

Pharmacology and Physiology for Anesthesia

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  • Author : Hugh C. Hemmings, BS, MD, PhD,Talmage D. Egan, MD
  • Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
  • Release Date : 2013-01-25
  • ISBN : 9781437716795
GET THIS BOOKPharmacology and Physiology for Anesthesia

Better understand the complexities of pharmacology and physiology relevant to your practice with the brand-new medical reference book, Pharmacology and Physiology for Anesthesia. Drs. Hugh Hemmings and Talmage Egan provide the clinical insights you need to effectively administer anesthesia, ensuring patient safety and the most optimal outcomes. "...This is a useful well-written textbook of pharmacology and physiology. There is a greater emphasis on the pharmacology, but both sciences are dealt with to a high standard...I am happy to recommend

Translational Research in Traumatic Brain Injury

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  • Author : Daniel Laskowitz,Gerald Grant
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2015-12-01
  • ISBN : 9781498766579
GET THIS BOOKTranslational Research in Traumatic Brain Injury

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) remains a significant source of death and permanent disability, contributing to nearly one-third of all injury related deaths in the United States and exacting a profound personal and economic toll. Despite the increased resources that have recently been brought to bear to improve our understanding of TBI, the development of new diagnostic and therapeutic approaches has been disappointingly slow. Translational Research in Traumatic Brain Injury attempts to integrate expertise from across specialties to address knowledge gaps

Brain Structure and Its Origins

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  • Author : Gerald E. Schneider
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release Date : 2014-03-21
  • ISBN : 9780262026734
GET THIS BOOKBrain Structure and Its Origins

An introduction to the brain's anatomical organization and functions with explanations in terms of evolutionary adaptations and development. This introduction to the structure of the central nervous system demonstrates that the best way to learn how the brain is put together is to understand something about why. It explains why the brain is put together as it is by describing basic functions and key aspects of its evolution and development. This approach makes the structure of the brain and spinal

Brain Architecture : Understanding the Basic Plan

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  • Author : and Director NIBS Neuroscience Program University of Southern California Larry W. Swanson Milo Don and Lucille Appleman Professor of Biological Sciences
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release Date : 2002-10-23
  • ISBN : 9780198026464
GET THIS BOOKBrain Architecture : Understanding the Basic Plan

Depending on your point of view the brain is an organ, a machine, a biological computer, or simply the most important component of the nervous system. How does it work as a whole? What are its major parts and how are they interconnected to generate thinking, feelings, and behavior? This book surveys 2,500 years of scientific thinking about these profoundly important questions from the perspective of fundamental architectural principles, and then proposes a new model for the basic plan of neural

The Axon

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  • Author : Stephen G. Waxman,Jeffery D. Kocsis,Peter K. Stys
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release Date : 1995
  • ISBN : 9780195082937
GET THIS BOOKThe Axon

This compendium contains chapters on the structure, function and pathophysiology of axons in both the peripheral and central nervous systems. Within the context of aspects of axonal structure, function and pathophysiology, recent advances in the molecular neurobiology of axons are reviewed.

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  • Author : Haruyuki Kamiya,Dominique Debanne
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release Date : 2020-12-09
  • ISBN : 9782889661879
GET THIS BOOKAxon Neurobiology: Fine-Scale Dynamics of Microstructure and Function

This eBook is a collection of articles from a Frontiers Research Topic. Frontiers Research Topics are very popular trademarks of the Frontiers Journals Series: they are collections of at least ten articles, all centered on a particular subject. With their unique mix of varied contributions from Original Research to Review Articles, Frontiers Research Topics unify the most influential researchers, the latest key findings and historical advances in a hot research area! Find out more on how to host your own